Drones and spy planes over Africa and Arabian Peninsula

In response to the proliferation of extremist groups, the Pentagon has greatly expanded its base network for drones and other surveillance aircraft.

Al Qaeda
in the Islamic Maghreb

Boko Haram



al-Qaeda in the
Arabian Peninsula

Nouakchott, Mauritania
The United States flew PC-12 surveillance aircraft from here
to track al-Qaeda in the Islamic
Maghreb. The flights ended
in 2008 after a coup.

Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
The United States flies PC-12 surveillance aircraft from here north to Mali, Mauritania and the Sahara.

Niamey, Niger
About 100 U.S. troops have been deployed to Niger to set up a drone base to support a French-led military operation against al-Qaeda in neighboring Mali.

Saudi Arabia
A 2011 strike that targeted U.S. citizen and al-Qaeda operative Anwar al-Awlaki was carried out in part by CIA drones flown from a secret base in Saudi Arabia.

Nzara, South Sudan
The U.S. military has been in talks with South Sudan about basing surveillance planes here.

Entebbe, Uganda
The United States flies PC-12 surveillance aircraft from here over territory used by the Lord's Resistance Army.

Camp Lemonnier, Djibouti
The U.S. military targets al-Shabab in Somalia and al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula from this key base.

Manda Bay, Kenya
More than 100 U.S. commandos and other personnel are based at a Kenyan military installation.

Victoria, Seychelles
The U.S. military has flown Reaper drones over East Africa from this island base.

Arba Minch, Ethiopia
The United States flies Reaper drones from here over Somalia.

SOURCES: Staff reports. GRAPHIC: The Washington Post. Published Jan. 29, 2013.