Impacts of an explosion

The energy released by an explosion can cause a wide range of injuries, depending on the position and distance of a person standing near the blast.

Blast wave
A wall of highly compressed air tears tiny fibers in soft tissue.

Injuries: Lung and ear damage, abdominal bleeding, eye rupture, concussion.

Secondary injuries result from being thrown by the blast.

Injuries: Fracture and traumatic amputation, closed-head brain injury.

Flying debris
penetrates the body.

Injuries: Penetrating ballistic or blunt
injuries, eye damage.

SOURCE: Office of Homeland Security, "Emergency War Surgery," Borden Institute, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, National Counterterrorism Center.