Notes: Richard C. Shelby switched parties from Democratic to Republican on Nov. 8, 1994. Ben Nighthorse Campbell switched parties from Democratic to Republican on March 3, 1995.
Meet the new Senate
The new Senate class is slightly younger but still predominantly composed of white men. Despite gains by women and minorities in national politics in the past 20 years, the average U.S. senator is a 62-year-old white man who went to a private college. Here’s a snapshot of demographic features of the Senate in 1994, 2004, 2014 and the newly elected group.