• Consumption
  • By age
  • Life span
  • Future
  • Data

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1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

Change in percapita consumption
1970 to 2010

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1950

1980

2010

Projected

2040

2070

2100

Total population

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100 million

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NOTE: Data for ages 80-84, 85-89, 90-94, 95-99 and 100+ is not available until 1990.

The graying world

As the world population hits 7 billion this year and rises to more than 9 billion by 2050, an expanding portion will be 60 years or older. Declining fertility and longer life spans as a result of advances in the treatment of major diseases are leading to population aging.

A world of seven billion

The United Nations Population Division projects that the world's human population will reach 7 billion on Halloween.


Two other organizations that work with demographics predict slightly different dates for the birth of the 7 billionth person. The U.S. Population Reference Bureau says the event happened weeks ago. The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis says that the number may not reach 7 billion until as late as January 2013.

Population and consumption growth of the last 40 years

Population in Thousands (1,000s). Click any column header to sort.

Country Pop.
1970
Pop.
2010
Pop.
Change
Pop.
Change Pct.
Consumption
Per Capita
2009
Consumption
Per Capita Change
1970-2009
India553,8741,224,614670,740 121% $459 $292
China814,6231,341,335526,712 65% $812 $737
Indonesia118,362239,871121,509 103% $625 $502
United States209,464310,384100,920 48% $26,783 $14,906
Brazil96,078194,94698,868 103% $2,984 $1,816
Bangladesh66,881148,69281,811 122% $374 -$52
Mexico51,868113,42361,555 119% $4,260 $1,997
Philippines35,45193,26157,809 163% $942 $407
Thailand36,91569,12232,207 87% $1,391 $1,008
Japan103,710126,53622,826 22% $22,173 $12,771
South Africa22,50250,13327,631 123% $2,382 $844
Kenya11,25240,51329,260 260% $350 $137
Colombia21,33046,29524,965 117% $2,066 $902
Algeria13,74635,46821,722 158% $785 $237
Morocco15,31031,95116,641 109% $1,056 $551
Malaysia10,90928,40117,492 160% $2,626 $1,962
Peru13,18729,07715,889 120% $2,019 $327
France50,76362,78712,024 24% $13,717 $7,100
Canada21,71734,01712,300 57% $15,658 $8,268
Spain33,79246,07712,285 36% $9,190 $4,959
Madagascar6,54920,71414,165 216% $192 -$222
Italy53,32560,5517,226 14% $11,326 $5,862
Germany78,16982,3024,133 5% $14,103 $7,332
United Kingdom55,64562,0366,390 11% $18,354 $11,027
Guatemala5,44814,3898,941 164% $1,587 $525
Ecuador5,97214,4658,492 142% $1,133 $472
Chile9,57817,1147,536 79% $4,324 $2,622
Senegal4,09612,4348,337 204% $442 $85
Dominican Republic4,5129,9275,416 120% $3,268 $2,282
Bolivia4,2179,9305,713 135% $871 $159
Tunisia5,12710,4815,354 104% $1,830 $1,379
Netherlands12,95916,6133,654 28% $12,341 $5,317
Honduras2,6887,6014,912 183% $1,005 $361
Paraguay2,4836,4553,972 160% $1,090 $463
Nicaragua2,3985,7883,390 141% $808 -$222
El Salvador3,7366,1932,457 66% $2,315 $921
Greece8,79311,3592,566 29% $10,947 $6,906
Costa Rica1,8204,6592,839 156% $3,268 $1,497
Switzerland6,1697,6641,495 24% $21,905 $7,413
New Zealand2,8204,3681,549 55% $9,250 $3,224
Sweden8,0439,3801,337 17% $15,391 $6,149
Portugal8,68410,6761,991 23% $7,891 $4,901
Belgium9,62510,7121,087 11% $12,668 $6,621
Norway3,8774,8831,006 26% $20,096 $12,211
Ireland2,9634,4701,507 51% $13,580 $8,475
Austria7,4668,394928 12% $14,112 $7,828
Lesotho1,0332,1711,138 110% $642 $436
Finland4,6065,365759 16% $14,286 $8,317
Denmark4,9295,550621 13% $15,636 $6,232
Uruguay2,8093,369560 20% $6,180 $2,690
Gabon5301,505976 184% $1,533 $314
Luxembourg339507168 50% $20,238 $11,446
Iceland204320116 57% $17,291 $9,475
Malta304417113 37% $7,213 $4,547