Looking back at the Middle East in 2011

People frustrated by oppressive government, corrupt leaders and unemployment took to the streets in the Arab world this year. The latest on some of the countries and their governments:

Regional map of Middle East in 2011
Country Protests start Outcome Government status
Tunisia 12/17/2010 With elections in October, Tunisia has moved quickly toward democracy after the sustained protests that led to the ouster in January of President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali and ignited the broader upheaval. Toppled
Egypt 1/25/2011 A military council has ruled the country since the ouster in February of President Hosni Mubarak. The council has pledged to hand over power to an elected government this summer, but details remain uncertain and protests continue. Toppled
Jordan 1/28/2011 Bowing to anti-government protests, King Abdullah II changed the government twice this year, firing one prime minister and accepting the resignation of another. He appointed a former judge at the International Court of Justice as prime minister in October. Stable
Syria 2/4/2011 More than 1,000 people have died in 10 months of protests against President Bashar al-Assad, whose family has held power for more than 40 years. While president Obama and other world leaders have called for Assad to step down, there has been no indication that foreign governments might intervene in the conflict. Teetering
Iran 2/11/2011 The Iranian authorities quickly quashed anti-government protesters who tried to turn the sentiment of the Arab Spring against the Islamic Republic. Stable
Yemen 2/11/2011 President Ali Abdullah Saleh has pledged to step down, ending his 33-year rule, but the timing and pace of any change still remains in doubt. Teetering
Algeria 2/12/2011 Heeding demands of protesters, Algeria lifted a 19-year state of emergency that had barred peaceful demonstrations. Stable
Bahrain 2/14/2011 Bahrain's ruling monarchy has refused to bow to protesters' demands for changes that would give more power to the country's Shiite-Muslim majority. An independent investigation found that government security forces tortured and abused pro-democracy protesters this year, killing at least 30. Teetering
Iraq 2/16/2011 An anti-government movement failed to take hold after security forces suppressed a "Day of Rage" demonstration. Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has announced he will not seek a third term. Stable
Libya 2/16/2011 What began as protests in eastern Libya mushroomed into a government crackdown and then civil war, as rebels backed by NATO airstrikes resulted in the ouster and death of Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi, whose dictatorship lasted four decades. Toppled
Kuwait 2/18/2011 To assuage critics, the ruling family dissolved the elected parliament this month, and new elections will occur in February 2012. Stable
Morocco 2/20/2011 King Mohammed VI has pledged that Morocco will revise its constitution as part of a bid to expand democracy in the Arab world. Stable
Oman 2/27/2011 Despite sporadic protests, the ruling sultan retains a tight grip on power. Stable
Lebanon 2/28/2011 Prime Minister Najib Mikati formed a new cabinet giving Hezbollah more power in June, five months after the Iranian-backed militant group and its allies brought down the Lebanese government. Stable
Saudi Arabia 3/10/2011 King Abdullah's continuing popularity has contributed to relative calm, as protests by Shiites and advocates for women's rights have failed to gain foothold. Stable

SOURCE: Staff, wire reports. GRAPHIC: The Washington Post. Published Dec. 21, 2011.