A cluster of venues within Nagano, a city of 360,000 surrounded by mountains, will host competitions in five events: ice hockey (two sites); speedskating; figure skating, short-track speedskating; bobsled and luge; and freestyle skiing. The opening and closing ceremonies will take place in Nagano City as well.
Ice hockey will take place at two sites in the "Big Hat," so named for shape of its exterior, and "Aqua Wing," in the Nagano Sports Park. "Big Hat" will host most of the main matches, including the medal games.
Figure skating and short-track speedskating will be held in the city's "White Ring" stadium, which also gets its name from its outside appearance. The stadium is in Nagano's Mashima district, southeast of the city center.
Long-track speedskating will take place in the "M-Wave" stadium, a structure that straddles the city's Asahi and Mamejina districts and which is built to mimic the contours of the surrounding mountains.
Luge and bobsledding will be held at the "Spiral" track in Iizuna Kogen, an area northwest of Nagano City that is characterized by lakes, forests and marshes. Freestyle skiing also will be held here.
A stadium for 50,000 spectators has been built at the Minami Nagano Sports Park in the Tofukuji district or the opening and closing ceremonies.
Known for: Ancient Buddhist Zenkoji Temple; 7 million
All Olympic sledding competition will be held at a track called "Spiral" that winds in 15 curves down the foothills of Mount Iizuna in the Asakawa district northeast of Nagano City. "Spiral" is unique because it has two uphill sections that make the track more demanding for lugers and bobsled teams. The first, out of Turn 7, rises 6 feet 2 inches over 164 feet. The second and more dramatic is out of Turn 11, which climbs 39 feet 4 inches over 403 feet.
Men's singles: 1,326 meters; vertical drop, 114 meters
Women's singles and doubles: 1,194 meters; vertical drop, 96 meters
Two-man (men only): 1,360 meters; vertical drop, 113 meters
Four-man (men only): 1,360 meters; vertical drop, 113 meters
Notes on the Site
Cooling system: First track with indirect refrigeration system; ammonia solution is cooled, then it cools a liquid freezing agent, which is pumped through pipes in concrete track to make ice
Total area: 45 acres
Spectator capacity: 10,000
Estimated construction cost: $78 million
The speedskating venue has been nicknamed the "M-Wave" and is located in the Asahi and Maejima districts of Nagano city. The name comes from the design of the roof, which looks like a giant "M" against the backdrop of the Japanese Alps. The river Chikuma flows nearby.
Men: 500m, 1,000m, 1,500m, 5,000m, 10,000m
Women: 500m, 1,000m, 1,500m, 3,000m, 5,000m
Notes on the Site
Distance from Olympic Village: 7.5 miles
A first: Japan's first indoor rink with standard 400-meter double track
Nickname: Called "M-Wave" because roof resembles ocean waves
Construction: Roof has distinctive suspended design; made from aromatic wood of locally cut larch trees; interior resembles Japanese lattice
Arena capacity: 10,000
Other international competitions held at this site: Speed Skating World Championships, 1997
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