Democracy Dies in Darkness

Answer Sheet | Analysis

Survey: Parents want to help kids learn science — but many have no idea how

March 7, 2018 at 4:17 PM

Students from Lake City High School visit Farragut State Park in Idaho in May 2017 to learn about the effect that trees have on the environment. (Rajah Bose for The Washington Post)

It can often be a challenge for parents who want to help their children with homework — not only because the kids may not want their help, but also because they may not be able to understand what the assignment actually is. This is common in math, where some parents have no clue about new ways of computing that are being taught.

It’s even worse, it turns out, in science. A study asked parents about their children and science — and this post explains what was discovered. The study, “What Parents Talk About When They Talk About Learning: A National Survey About Young Children and Science,” was conducted by EDC and SRI International and commissioned by the U.S. Department of Education’s Ready To Learn initiative, led by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and PBS.

This was written by Shelley Pasnik, vice president of Education Development Center, a global education and health nonprofit.

You can read the entire report here.

By Shelley Pasnik

Nine out of 10 parents say they do learning activities every day with their young children, but only about half of parents say these activities include science. Many parents say they don’t have the confidence or the tools to help their young children learn science. That’s what we found after speaking with hundreds of parents across the country.

This is a missed opportunity. Early science experiences are key to children developing the important thinking and reasoning skills they will later use to become creative problem solvers. Previous research has demonstrated that parents are crucial when it comes to early learning experiences, but little is known about how parents of young children approach learning science.

That is, until now. Our findings are included in a study conducted by Education Development Center and SRI International, “What Parents Talk About When They Talk About Learning: A National Survey of Young Children and Science.” In this study, my colleagues and I sought to find out what parents think about themselves, their young children and science, and we wanted to hear from parents in their own words.

We conducted a telephone (cellphone and landline) survey of a nationally representative sample of more than 1,400 parents and had long in-person interviews and home visits with several dozen families, asking them about their attitudes, beliefs and practices related to early science learning. About two-thirds of the parents interviewed live in households where the income is less than $50,000. Everyone had to have at least one 3- to 6-year-old in their care.

Here’s some of what we found:

All children, even as young as preschoolers, have the ability to engage in the building blocks of scientific inquiry: asking questions, generating explanations, revising predictions based on observations. And all parents, regardless of income and level of education, have the capacity to support their young children’s science learning.

And they need not become scientists to do so. Everyday explorations, whether at a public park, in a backyard or at a kitchen sink, are important pathways to young children’s scientific thinking and creative problem solving. Science exploration is an occasion for slowing down, for asking questions, for letting wonder take over. Family science can be as simple as playing in the dirt, a child and grown-up exploring what they see, touch and smell together.

Family science also doesn’t require parents to have all of the answers. The point is to explore together. A mom, for instance, can help her son notice how dirt and mud are different from one another, calling attention to the movement of twigs, weeds and leaves and why some get stuck more easily than others. A dad can express his own curiosity about why birds and cats leave different tracks or take note of his daughter’s delight when a light wind churns up dust.

The preschool years are the best time to take advantage of children’s natural curiosity and learning about the world. When parents feel confident about their abilities to support their children’s learning, they are more likely to dig in themselves.

Valerie Strauss is an education writer who authors The Answer Sheet blog. She came to The Washington Post as an assistant foreign editor for Asia in 1987 and weekend foreign desk editor after working for Reuters as national security editor and a military/foreign affairs reporter on Capitol Hill. She also previously worked at UPI and the LA Times.

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