Where the bodies were found

VIRGINIA

Richmond

Jamestown

1608 church

Graves

James Fort

The four leaders

The Rev. Robert Hunt

1569-1608, about 39 years old

Hunt was the first Anglican minister at Jamestown. He was buried in a shroud and not a coffin, a reflection of his simple status in the

settlement.

Sir Ferdinando Wainman

1575-1610, about 34 years old

Wainman (sometimes “Weyman” in historic documents) was the first English knight buried in North America. He was the first cousin of Sir Thomas West, a governor of Virginia who was also known as Lord De La Warr. Lead, then present in glazed wares more accessible to the wealthy, was found in Wainman’s bones, suggesting his

affluence.

Small box,

detail below

Capt. Gabriel Archer

1575-late 1609 or early 1610,

about 34 years old

Archer died during a period when 250 Jamestown settlers succumbed to disease, starvation and Indian attacks. A captain’s leading staff and a silver box were found in his grave. Archer was buried in a coffin.

Capt. William West

1585-1610, about 24 years old

West was an uncle of Lord De La Warr. Lead was also found in his bones. West was buried in a wooden coffin and a military leader’s sash was found over his chest.

A Catholic reliquary

Experts from Jamestown Rediscovery and the Smithsonian Institution scrutinized this letter under a powerful microscope to see whether it was an M or a W, and concluded that it was a crudely drawn M. Its meaning remains unknown.

Reliquary, 3D rendering

of internal scan

Internal scans indicate that the sealed box

contains fragments of human bone.

The box also has two pieces of lead ampulla,

a container used to hold holy water.

VIRGINIA

Bulwark

Richmond

Jamestown

Factory

Governor’s house

and row houses

1608 church

Graves of

4 leaders

Large post

building

Barracks

Bulwark

Bulwark

James Fort

The Rev. Robert Hunt

1569-1608, about 39 years old

Hunt was the first Anglican minister at Jamestown. He was buried in a shroud and not a coffin, a reflection of his simple status in the settlement.

Sir Ferdinando Wainman

1575-1610, about 34 years old

Wainman (sometimes “Weyman” in historic documents) was the first English knight buried in North

America. He was the first cousin of Sir Thomas West, a governor of Virginia who was also known as Lord De La Warr. Lead, then present in glazed wares more accessible to the wealthy, was found in Wainman’s bones,

suggesting his affluence.

2 feet

Capt. Gabriel Archer

1575-late 1609 or early 1610,

about 34 years old

Archer died during a period when 250 Jamestown settlers succumbed to disease, starvation and Indian attacks. A captain’s leading staff and a silver box were found in his grave. Archer was buried in a coffin.

Small box,

detail below

Capt. William West

1585-1610, about 24 years old

West was an uncle of Lord De La Warr. Lead was also found in his bones. West was buried in a wooden coffin and a military leader’s sash was found over his chest.

Reliquary, 3D rendering

of internal scan

Catholic reliquary, side view

Experts from Jamestown Rediscovery and the Smithsonian Institution scrutinized this letter under a powerful microscope to see whether it was an M or a W, and concluded that it was a crudely drawn M. Its meaning remains unknown.

Internal scans indicate that the sealed box contains fragments of human bone.

The box also has two pieces of lead

ampulla, a container used to hold holy water.

Bulwark

VIRGINIA

Richmond

Jamestown

Site of later

churches

Other buildings

Governor’s house

and row houses

Factory

1608

church

Graves of

4 leaders

Large post

building

Barracks

Bulwark

Bulwark

James Fort

A Catholic reliquary

The four leaders

Side view

The Rev. Robert Hunt

1569-1608, about 39 years old

Experts from Jamestown

Rediscovery and the Smithsonian Institution scrutinized this letter under a powerful microscope to see whether it was an M or a W, and concluded that it was a

crudely drawn M. Its meaning remains unknown.

Hunt was the first Anglican minister at Jamestown. He was buried in a shroud and not a coffin, a reflection of his simple status in the

settlement.

Sir Ferdinando Wainman

1575-1610, about 34 years old

Wainman (sometimes “Weyman” in historic documents) was the first English knight buried in North

America. He was the first cousin of Sir Thomas West, a governor of Virginia who was also known as Lord De La Warr. Lead, then present in glazed wares more accessible to the wealthy, was found in Wainman’s bones,

suggesting his affluence.

2 feet

3D rendering of internal scan

Internal scans indicate that the sealed box contains fragments of human bone.

Capt. Gabriel Archer

1575-late 1609 or early 1610,

about 34 years old

Archer died during a period when 250 Jamestown settlers succumbed to disease, starvation and Indian attacks. A captain’s leading staff and a silver box were found in his grave. Archer was buried in a coffin.

Small box,

detail left

The box also has two pieces of lead ampulla, a container used to hold holy water.

Capt. William West

1585-1610, about 24 years old

West was an uncle of Lord De La Warr. Lead was also found in his bones. West was buried in a wooden coffin and a military leader’s sash was found over his chest.

SOURCES: Smithsonian Institution. Images courtesy of Smithsonian X 3D. James Fort image adapted from Jamie May illustration, APVA Preservation Virginia. GRAPHIC: Patterson Clark and Denise Lu. Published July 28, 2015.