All candidates were asked: Major objective: Name one objective, or piece of legislation, you would seek if elected.
Equal Rights Amendment: Is it realistic to expect the Virginia House to approve the Equal Rights Amendment? Do you support its passage. Why or why not?
Local funding: The Reagan administration budget cuts will be felt in Virginia in the coming year, forcing some state and local governments to curtail some activities. Should the state provide funds or taxing sources to local government to make up for these cuts?
Robert T. Andrews, 61, of 820 Turkey Run Rd., McLean, a lawyer, has served in the U.S. Justice and Defense departments and on the White House legal staff. He has served as president of the McLean Citizens
Association and on the McLean Planning Committee.
MAjor Objective: My long-range objective is to promote regional approaches to provision of water, sewer and transportation services, particularly in metropolitan areas. If Northern Virginia is to get a greater share of road funds, a greater influence over state agencies and a greater delegation of authority to manage its own affairs, it must build a working majority from other urban legislative districts sharing common interests. As for legislation, drug trafficking has sharply driven up crime in Virginia. Legislation is needed to beef up the investigation, prosecution and conviction of drug suppliers, including stiffer penalties, mandatory sentencing, confiscation of the proceeds of crime and additional prison facilities.
Equal Rights Amendment: It will take a combination of new members in the House, well-planned presentations and hard work on the part of the ERA supporters to secure passage in the Virginia House. I support the measure. It is right, fitting and proper that we require government to treat one-half of the population the same as the other half. Passage of the ERA will insure that recent gains made by women will be constitutionally enduring.
Local funding: Programs being scaled down or ended by federal budget cuts must be reevaluated to determine our priorities. State aid should be provided to maintain a minimum level of the most essential activities, e.g. law enforcement. Localities have taxing authority to provide supplementary financing if they so desire.
Thomas R. Cogley, 41, of 3315 Hemlock Dr., Falls Church, works in civil engineering, primarily in construction and bridge inspection. He also has been an economic consultant. He is a major in the Army Reserves and is vice chairman of the Fairfax County Architectural Review Board.
Major objective: With my background in engineering in general and in highways and bridges in particular, I am interested in the dual goal of providing more rapid auto transit in the most efficient manner as well as continuing the development of Metro, provided Metro can be brought under sound management. My major goal would be to cease paying money into a system as badly managed as Metro until it has been brought under control. I will not support the more and more discussed "regional taxing authority" that is being sought by the Metro management. I do not support the current regional tax distribution method. It can be improved; that is a goal.
Equal Rights Amendment: I do not believe the House will pass the ERA. I will not vote for its approval. I believe that the integrity of the legislation has been too seriously compromised to ever be passed in its current form. The refusal of any state to pass it in several years, combined with the rules change (to allow states to change their mind and vote for it, but not to vote against it; and the extension of time to approve it, but not to reject it) as well as the "all are equal except in draft registration" have further discredited the measure. its supporters in Congrees have shown their contempt for the measure by the draft legislation. I see no reason why I should support a measure that was mocked by its supporters in the draft registration vote. I do believe that women have equal rights, and one of those rights includes honest representation, which they will get from me, including efforts at changing the inequities of existing laws in Virginia.
Local funding: At first blush I would not be inclined to replace federal measures with state or local revenues. However, I do believe that every program should be examined, and any decisions made on the merits of the respective program. It should be remembered the along with the reduced federal revenues there will reduced federal mandates, and these may account for some of the state or local losses, and they may not need replacement. No certifiably needed program should be left unfunded, and I would work for appropriate funds or sources, after determination of the need.
Vincent F. Callahan Jr., 49, of 6220 Nelway Dr., McLean, has been a member of the House of Delegates since 1968, and has been chairman of the Republican Caucus in the General Assembly. He is a Marine Corps veteran of the Korean War and a past president of the Kiwanis Club of McLean.
Major objective: Maintain Virginia's relatively low per-capita state tax rate as well as our balanced budgets. As a member of the House Appropriations Committee I have worked on this for a number of years and we have been successful in maintaining our well-deserved reputation for fiscal integrity. This is always the number one objective of state government and includes the delivery of good state services within this framework of fiscal responsibility.
Equal Rights Amendment: The ERA continues to have an uphill fight in Virginia. The Senate, which rejected ERA in 1980, is still in place, and some changes in ERA in 1980, is still in place, and some changes in membership, combined with vote-switching, would be required for ERA to be successful in the House.
Local funding: At this time it is too early to properly assess what the impact of federal cuts will be on Virginia and its localities. We anticipate that block grants will give the General Assembly greater latitude in setting our own priorities, but the sentiment is against increased existing taxes or the creation of new tax sources and I don't forsee this happening. I don't believe that President Reagan's mandate to curtail government spending was a mandate to merely transfer this government spending to states and localities.
Gwendalyn F. Cody, 59, of 3703 King Arthur Rd., Annandale, is on the Fairfax County Republican Committee and is vice chairwoman of Virginians for Initiative and Reform. She has been and Army historian, cryptographer and personnel officer and an elementary and intermediate school educator.
Major objective: A "People's Right to Petition Amendment" to the Virginia Constitution providing rights to initiate legislation and to nullify acts of the legislative bodies. The majority needs methods of passing laws that are being blocked by special interest and of repealing laws that are not in the best interest of the majority of the people of the Commonwealth. The "Initiative and Referendum" processes are real tools of democracy. They are based on the premise that the citizens of this state are indeed as competent to enact legislation as we are to elect officials to represent us.
Equal Rights Amendment: No. The General Assembly has refused to ratify ERA at nine consecutive sessions. No. Please note the State Constitution was amended in 1971 to prohibit sex discrimination but statutory laws still need to be revised to conform to that prohibition. Instead of futilely spinning our wheels to ratify an amendment power at the federal level at the expense of states, I propose to work to make inheritance, divorce settlement, etc., laws fairer to women. Stop the flag waving and correct the injustices that need to be addressed now.
Local funding: Many of the so-called "budget cuts" are merely reductions in the rate of increase in federal grants to the state and localities, e.g. education. Instead of increasing the taxing powers of the localities to enable them to continue increasing spending, unfounded federal and state mandates should be modified or repealed.
Claiborne B. (Buck) Morton, 51, of 933 Woburn Ct, McLean, is a retailer of stationery and office supplies, and publisher of a newsletter sold to office supply dealers in the United States and Canada. He served in the Coast Guard and is past president of the McLean Business and Professional Association.
Major objective: Uniform, mandatory sentences for convicted criminals which would increase proportionately for repeat offenders. Higher bail requirements for those arrested for lucrative racketeering crimes to assure their appearance for trial, and a curtailment of parole. We must put criminals in jail and keep them there.
Equal Rights Amendment: It is not realistic to expect it to pass. I do, however, hope that it gets to the floor for a vote since so many people are interested in it. I would vote against ratification since the rights of all persons have been guaranteed by the 14th Amendment since 1868.Section II, Article I of the Bill of Rights in the Virginia Constitution guarantees that equality of rights "shall not be denied on account . . . of sex." I believe that specific legislation is the quickest way to assure women's rights and I would support such legislation.
Local funding: I believe that the state and local governments are more qualified to determine their needs than the federal government. Necessary programs should find their funding at the state and local level.
Martin H. Perper, 42, of Great Falls, is seeking-his third term in the House of Delegates. Perper, a management consultant, is a member of House Finance Committee. He is the legislative alternate to the Republican State Central Committee. He has been active in the Fairfax Chamber of Commerce.
Major objective: A series of legislative initiatives to address the critical problem of drug and alcohol abuse by our young people is desperately needed. The Northern Virginia Action Coalition, which I cochair, is now undertaking to accomplish this.
Equal Rights Amendment: The Equal Rights Amendment, I believe, faces a continuing struggle in the legsislature. To be expectant of any easier time this session is not realistic. While the urban parts of Virginia are, for the most part, supportive of the amendment, it still faces the overwhelming opposition of the remainder of the state.
Local funding: As a member of the Finance Committee, it would be irresponsible to prejudge the impact of the budget cuts. Certainly there will have to be adjustments. However, we can have a substantial amount of money by "leaning out" existing programs. I can state categorically that any proposed increase in the state income tax will meet my vigorous opposition.