Candidates for the D.C. City Council were asked the following questions by The Washington Post:

Problems: What are the three most pressing legislative problems in your ward and how do you propose to address them?

Employment: What would you do as a City Council member to increase employment opportunities in the District?

Martin Chivis (Statehood), 30, of 611 Edgewood St. NE, is an assistant cashier for the Industrial Bank of Washington. An honors graduate of Roosevelt High, he was cited for outstanding work under the U.S. Comptroller of the Currency. He is a graduate of the American Institute of Banking and is on the scholarship committee for D.C. high schools.

Problems: 1) Crime: There is too much robbery in Ward 5. I would act as a councilman to add more police officers to foot patrols in the ward. 2) Housing: Real property in Ward 5 is decaying. As councilman, I would introduce and vote for legislation to rehabilitate existing real estate. 3) Education: Students in public schools should be taught marketable skills. I propose to support instruction in home remodeling (to aid my housing program) and computer programming.

Employment: I would propose legislation to establish urban enterprise zones in the District, which would be exempt from all District of Columbia income taxes. This would double the beneficial impact of any like federal regulation.

W. Ronald (Ron) Evans (R), 44, of 2646 10th St. NE, is president, broker and auctioneer of Progressive Properties Realty Corp. He has been manager of Washington relations for IT&T Corp., congressional liaison for the National Association of Black Manufacturers and information officer for the Congressional Budget Office.

Problems: 1) Leadership/representation: The need is clear for a strong, capable voice to fight for full and efficient city services, as well as long-range plans for the citizenry of Ward 5 as well as the city. 2) Seniors: We must assist the elder statespersons in maintaining their independence, dignity and usefulness within the community through cooperative food programs, social activities, fixed tax rates for fixed incomes and alternative plans for accommodating their housing needs. 3) Education: Continue to upgrade basic educational standards, increase emphasis on science and mathematics that will prepare for high-growth industries, increased use of the work-study programs that give exposure to real career opportunities. Create advanced graduate programs to enhance the above for upward mobility.

Employment: The need for economic development and growth is clear to most District residents. It will be the only way to cope with the massive un/underemployment problem. It will allow us to expand the tax base, which will give the residents future tax relief. It is the only way we will be able to maintain a strong citizenry in the District of Columbia. The first priority is a local version of the "Boston Plan," which guarantees that local residents receive their fair share of the jobs created by government funds and assistance. New jobs will do little good if filled by nonresidents. We must revitalize the Northeast corridor with light manufacturing and high-technology businesses using broadened ownership through community stock ownership plans, employe stock ownership plans and neighborhood investment corporations. Additionally, designate an international trade zone. An industrial development board should be created with revenue-bonding authority, to assist in attracting industry and retaining the small businesses now in the area. Finally, bring the cost of doing business in the District in line with our neighboring communities.

William (Bill) Spaulding (D), Incumbent, 52, of 1905 Randolph St. NE, has chaired four committees during his seven years on the City Council. He has taught in D.C. schools and at Howard University, and has been a training officer for the National Security Agency. He is a board member, adviser or officer of several community organizations.

Problems: 1) Increased property tax relief for homeowners: Propose amendments to current tax laws to enable more households to qualify for various tax exemptions. 2) Creation of jobs for youths: Implement training program to prepare youths for office-type jobs that will result from the expansion of downtown construction. 3) Stabilization and gradual increase of business and retail activity: Continuing current efforts with the Office of Business and Economic Development. Currently studying several legislative proposals providing for capital assistance and other business incentives.

Employment I will continue to work with my colleagues and outside groups, such as organized labor and businesses, for the creation of apprenticeship programs and incentives to encourage job creation.

Virgil Thompson (Ind.), 36, of 3502 16th St. NE, has a degree from D.C. Teachers College and has studied business at local unversities. An Air Force veteran, he served in Vietnam and is active in area veterans' programs. A poet, he has worked in several political campaigns and has been an adviser to small businesses.

Problems: 1) Lack of ward leadership: First, every voter regardless of party can vote Virgil Thompson Nov. 2nd, first on the ballot. I will work hard with dedication, integrity and love for all residents of Ward 5. I will use my office to bring together the human resources to stimulate growth through job investment and community activities. I will strive, stand and fight to develop alternatives to bring about more educational opportunities and less unemployment; more constructive leisure and less apathy; more unity, less friction; more discipline and less moral decay. As the council member for Ward 5, my first duty will be to serve Ward 5 and the government; to serve mankind, to safeguard lies and property and devote myself to the residents' rights to liberty, equality and justice. I will always recognize the task of public office as a symbol of public faith and I will accept it as public trust and will constantly strive and dedicate myself before God and the citizens of Ward 5. I will be honest in thought and deed in my personal and official life. 2) Crime and community service: Swift, sure and certain criminal justice, supervised probation for student truancy, capital punishment for murder to include maximum sentencing without parole for other major criminal offenses at hard labor. A joint crime model with the police, corrections and judges.3) A fair nondiscriminatory property tax assessment in proportion to all wards: (a) property tax exemption for senior citizens on fixed income, and (b) immediate restriction of commercial traffic throughout residential neighborhoods. We will implement a Ward 5 community-based clean-up project in all precincts supervised by the citizens

Employment: Here is what I will do to increase employment opportunities in the District. First, I would implement a New Business Tax Incentive to create a new sense of job growth within Ward 5, which has the largest proportion of open space. I would then expedite a youth training program in a joint venture with the private sector and the D.C. government. (a) Establish venture capital so that businessmen or co-ops can increase equity participation in acquiring commercial areas to develop career performance jobs. The unused space in nonresidential areas could create between 30,000 and 40,000 new jobs. (b) A designed comprehensive plan will be implemented in conjunction with Bob Artisst, Doug Moore, Bob King, Rick Lee and other community leaders. (c) Develop a short-range and long-range target job project by using tax-exempted bonds for businessmen wanting to invest in jobs. (d) Set aside Nov. 11 of each year as Vet-A-Thon Day where businesses donate jobs to veterans. (e) Coordinate a nonprofit public job foundation to complement existing resources through the churches, businesses, universities and other organizations. (f) Expedite a design for a centralized shopping center and food market to serve residents in the Brentwood, Woodridge, Trinidad, Brookland and adjacent areas which will create between 600 and 700 new jobs. These goals and objectives can be reached by dramatically expanding the job base, which can be done by: 1) excluding half of all income earned; 2) zone enterprise and interest income earned on loans to enterprise from taxation; 3) allow business to write initial loses off against long-term gains; 4) a 5 percent to 10 percent refundable personal income tax credit for wages earned by zone employees up to a cap of $1,500-2,000, and 5) a 5 percent to 10 percent refundable business income tax credit equal to a percentage of the wages paid to qualified area employes. This concept will attract new businesses and create between 30,000 and 40,000 new jobs.