Vote for One: Howard M. Greenebaum (D); Marjorie S. Holt (R) 5th DISTRICT
Vote for One: Steny Hoyer (D); John E. Ritchie (R) QUESTION 1: Has the Reagan administration treated federal employes fairly in terms of workforce reductions, pay and retirement benefits? QUESTION 2: What measures should be taken to reduce the federal deficit? QUESTION 3: To what extent should the U.S. be involved militarily in Central America? Howard M. Greenebaum (D)
Arnold Age: 54 Retired after 30 years as owner of a business that employed 50 people; business experience included broad international trade and serving as consultant to two of largest corporations in Maryland; cofounder of one of the first environmental organizations in Anne Arundel Co.; past chairman, Downtown Merchants Association of Baltimore; as Quaker for 18 years, has been active in peace efforts; has coached basketball five years and helped build basketball program for youths in Anne Arundel Co.; skilled athlete in swimming, tennis, lacrosse, skiing.
1: No. Definitely no. I have been endorsed by several of the largest local unions in the American Federation of Government Employees because my opponent -- Rep. Marjorie S. Holt -- favors Reagan's unfair treatment. Federal employe pay lags 21.5 percent behind that of the private sector. Reagan keeps trying to "contract out" work that can be done better and more cheaply by federal employes. I support Rep. Mike Barnes' "Fair RIF Practices Act." I am endorsed by Mike Barnes and Rep. Steny Hoyer, and I support their positions on federal employes.
2: (1) Work quickly for a bilateral, mutually verifiable freeze with the Russians -- so we can stop production of nuclear weapons (this represents 19 percent of the defense budget). (2) Cut several programs in defense: B-1, MX, Divad, Bradley Fighting Vehicle, etc. (3) Install tough pricing policy in military procurement. (4) Make corporations pay taxes on a fair basis. (5) Make high-income individuals pay taxes on a fair basis.
3: ZIP. We should not be involved militarily in Central America. We are being suckered into a whole series of "Vietnams" there. We must combat communism by helping the poor become self-reliant by selling on credit -- tractors, seed, fertilizers, etc. We can help them build up their infrastructure. We need international conferences with the Cubans, Russians, etc., and must attempt to work together. Marjorie S. Holt (R)
Incumbent 151 Boone Trail, Severna Park Age: 64 Serving sixth term in Congress, senior member of House Armed Services Committee, served five years on House Budget Committee, now memer of Joint Economic Committee; active in effort to persuade administration to allocate funds for cleanup of Chesapeake Bay; helped obtain funds for the construction of senior citizens' housing centers in the 4th District; ranked by National Taxpayers Union among best 16 percent of House members in terms of overall voting record on spending issues.
1: Federal employes have had many legitimate complaints about how their interests have been managed by both the Carter and the Reagan administrations. I have joined other members of Congress in protesting unfair RIF procedures, I have consistently supported pay comparability with the private sector and I have opposed cuts in retirement benefits.
2: The best possible way to deal with the federal budget deficit is to limit the growth rate of federal spending, while continuing economic growth increases revenue. The budget deficit dropped from $195 billion in fiscal 1983 to $174 billion in 1984 because the growth of revenue exceeded the increase in spending. Tax increases would be a drag against economic growth and are not a solution to the deficit problem.
3: There is no need for the United States to commit American forces to combat roles in Central America. We should be and are providing economic and military assistance to democracies in the region that are resisting communist aggression. I believe the steps we have been taking are sufficient. I am encouraged that the insurgents in El Salvador have accepted the invitation of President Jose Napoleon Duarte to negotiate. President Duarte is in a strong position because of American assistance. Steny H. Hoyer (D)
Incumbent 6621 Lacona St., Berkshire Age: 45 An attorney serving second term in Congress, on Appropriations Committee; member, Democratic Caucus Committee on Party Effectiveness; cochairman, Democratic House and Senate Council; Maryland state senator for 12 years (four as president); served on state Board of Higher Education; board member, Baltimore Museum of Art and Red Cross; member, Baltimore Council on Foreign Relations; honored for efforts in mental health; graduate of University of Maryland and Georgetown University Law Center.
1: No, they have used our federal workers and retirees as political punching bags. In order to have an effective, productive work force, federal employes must be treated with decency, not derision. Each year the administration has proposed freezing or limiting pay increases and, at the same time, has sought to increase health insurance premiums while reducing benefits. It has also sought to severely undermine the existing retirement system. I have opposed these policies. The RIFs that have occurred were unnecessary and unwise. The stated objectives could have and should have been achieved by attrition. Such actions have undermined employe efficiency and morale. I succeeded in 1983 and 1984 in blocking so-called "pay for performance" regulations that would have politicized the federal work force. Instead, I introduced merit pay legislation, to reward outstanding service, without imposing a political and unfair system for removal of employes.
2: The deficit created as a direct result of the administration's policies is our number one domestic problem. It is essential to bring discipline to the budget process and to bring expenditures and revenue into balance. This will take time and will require Congress to make tough decisions. We must: (1) review in-depth defense needs, similar to that effected by President Kennedy; (2) restrain the real growth in defense spending to 3 to 5 percent a year; (3) take measures to contain escalation of health-care costs; (4) adopt a fair tax proposal to broaden the tax base, discourage cheating and increase incentive by reducing marginal rates, and (5) conduct a review of the impact of entitlement programs on future spending.
3: The utility of U.S. military involvement in Central America is very limited. Our efforts instead must be focused on encouraging economic development and improving trade. The Caribbean Basin Initiative which was adopted by Congress last year is a good example of actions which can be taken to encourage the development of the economies of nations in our hemisphere. I have consistently opposed the Reagan administration's efforts to assist the "contras" in overthrowing the current regime in Nicaragua. This is a military effort which cannot succeed. What we should be pursuing in Nicaragua and in the rest of Central America is a policy of negotiation. Only through meaningful dialogue, not military action, can we hope to improve our relationship with the nations of Central America. John E. Ritchie (R)
13113 Claxton Dr., Laurel Age: 40 Small-business owner/consultant, The Lear Consultants Inc., specialist in national and international marketing; served in U.S. Army as counterintelligence agent; attended University of Maryland and University of Baltimore School of Law; active in civic and professional associations; 1982 candidate for Prince George's County Council; avocational interests include political research and foreign policy studies.
1: The president's policies affecting federal employes have been well-intentioned; unfortunately, the implementation of these policies by the Office of Personnel Management has resulted in a devestation of morale among civil service employes. We must never lose sight of the fact that the efficieny of our government rests neither with presidents nor congressmen but rather with the quality of the personnel in the federal work force. Consequently, we must judiciously protect and preserve the rewards and benefits of civil service employment if we intend to attract and retain the brightest and the best to public service.
2: Runaway federal spending must come to a halt. The answer to the deficit problem is fourfold: (1) There must be an honest bipartisan effort and the will to reduce the growth of federal spending. (2) We must adopt a balanced budget amendment; 70 percent of all Americans support it, and Congress should be called to accountability. (3) We must continue to work toward the elimination of waste and fraud in the federal government. (4) It's time for comprehensive income tax reform. We can increase federal revenue by spreading the tax burden more fairly. Middle America has shouldered the load for far too long.
3: Both El Salvador and Nicaragua are critically important to our national security. Nicaragua represents a destabilizing communist foothold in the Western Hemisphere, exporting terrorism and revolution to its neighbors. El Salvador is a fledgling democracy attempting to resolve its internal difficulties while fending off a handful of Marxist guerrillas. I'm an old-fashioned American. Even an imperfect democracy is better than perfect communism. I support continued economic and military aid to El Salvador and continued assistance to the Nicaraguan freedom fighters. The prevailing attitudes among certain members in Congress of concession, appeasement and isolationism are strongly reminiscent of the pre-World War II era. Many Americans can painfully recall that these philosophies brought not peace, but the most tragic war in our nation's history.