A South Arlington citizen group has asked the Supreme Court to review the decisions of the Arlington County Board in the rezoning to the 116-acre Pentagon City tract for a large complex of office buildings, hotels, shopping, apartments and nursing home.

The Pentagon City Coordinating Committee, Inc., is appealing a lower Virginia State court decision handed down in 1976. The Virginia Supremen Court declined to hear an appeal this fall.

John H. Quinn Jr., an attorney and homeowner in the area, heads the citizen group which has asked the high court to consider whether the rezoning violates the petitioners' 14th Amendment rights. The group cites "forseeable traffic jams and adverse health impact as a result of increased air pollution."

Originally purchased by the late Morris Cafritz and Charles Tompkins as a 200-acre, undeveloped tract opposite the Pentagon in 1946, the land subsequently was developed for the 1.-700-unit River House apartment complex, a plant for Western Electric and warehouse space. Currently, a town house complex, a high-rise apartment for the elderly and a 300-bed nursing home are being built on a part of the tract that was sold this year.

The right to develop the major undeveloped portion, about 85 acres, now is held by Rose Associates of New York City, which completed negotiations with Cafritz-Tompkins heirs last spring. The rezoning permits development of 1.2 million square feet of office space, 2,000 hotel rooms, an 800,000-square-foot shopping center and 6,200 apartments.

Quinn said the Pentagon City Coordinating Committee has raised $25,000 to fight the rezoning and needs more money for the legal action. He said the group includes members of hte nearby Aurora Highlands Citizens Association, the Arlingotn, the River House Tenants Association and the Crystal City Civic Association.