Chrysler Corp. has lost its attempt to block the recall of 1975 model autos with large engines.

Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Douglas Costle has ruled that Chrysler must recall about 208,000 autos with 360-cubic inch or 400-cubic inch engines. The cars affected are the Chrysler Cordoba and Newport, Plymouth Fury and Grand Fury, and Dodge Monaco, Charger SE and Coronet.

Meanwhile, the Consumer Product Safety Commission announced the recall of 20,000 energy-saving automatic thermostat controls it said could pose a fire hazard and issued a renewed notice about the continuing recall of Amana refrigerator freezers that could cause electrical shocks.

And the Food and Drug Administration announced recalls of contaminated mozzarella cheese and peanut patties.

The original Chrysler recall was prompted by what the EPA described as "improper design and adjustment procedures" in the autos which caused excessive carbon monoxide emissions.

EPA spokesman Marlin Fitzwater said the recalls were prompted by breakdowns of parts of emission-control systems.

After the recall notice was issued in December 1976, Chrysler said it would appeal. An administrative law judge upheld the recall order, and that order was affirmed Tuesday by Costle.

Chrysler still has the option of appealing the recall order in court but it was not immediately known if the auto maker would do so.

The recalled thermostat devices are "automatic Day-Night Thermostat Controls," Model FS-5, manufactured by Fuel Sentry Corp., Mount Vernon, N.Y., which is conducting the recall.

The devices were marketed as aids to keep heating bills down by allowing heating systems to operate at lower temperatures.

The agency said the "activator" part of a kit which retailed for from $20 to $25 "may contain a defective carbon resistor which could cause a fire if it fails. Since July 1977, there have been 12 reported failures with minor fires occuring in 10 instances. There have been no injuries reported."

The activators involved were made between September 1976 and August 1977 and between November 1977 and May 1978. They have date codes 396 through 526, 017 through 327, 437 through 527 and 018 through 218. The date codes are on the back of the activator units.

"Further verification may be made by visual inspection through the key hole slot in the back of the unit," the CPSC said. "The potentially defective resistors are brown. Any other color is not subject to this recall."

It said those owning one of the affected units should stop using it and return the activator part for repair to Fuel Sentry Corp., 435 E. Third St., Mount Vernon, N.Y. 10553. The company will reimburse consumers for postage costs.

The Amana case, first announced in August 1977, involves side-by-side refrigerator-freezers made between February 1969 and September 1974. The agency said the "possibility of a shock hazard is caused by a defective hinge wire assembly which powers the butter keeper heater and anti-sweat heater. The CPSC has learned of 41 shock incidents to date."

The models involved are SR17, SR19, SR22, SR25, SD19, SD22 and SD25, whose serial numbers begin with 1S, E, B, L, A or C. The agency said the models "can be positively identified by checking the model and serial number on the serial plate located behind the removable black grille at the lower front of the unit."

It said anyone owning one of the units should furnish the model, serial number and his or her name and address to Amana Refrigeration Inc., Amana, Iowa 52204.

It said 96,000 of the appliances have been repaired but Amana has been unable to contact another 144,000 owners.

Nearly 2,300 cases of part-skim mozzarella cheese were recalled because they may be contaminated with specks of mercury. The cheese, sold under the Food Club and A&P brands, was recalled by the manufacturer, Frigo Cheese Corp., Lena, Wis.