President Carter created two new high-level last week in an attempt to improve efforts aimed at exposing fraud and waste in government and to improve management systems in the vast federal bureaucracy.

The councils will draw on resources of the Justice Department, Office of Management and Budget, the recently created Office of Personnel Management and the private sector.

"There is a lack of operating controls in government," Attorney General Griffin Bell said. "We hope these new efforts will help us in prosecuting people and in bringing more civil lawsuits to recover damages resulting from fraud in the government."

Bell said one of the councils, the Executive Group to Combat Fraud and Waste in Government, which will be headed by his deputy, Benjamin Civiletti-would help coordinate the efforts of inspectors general in 12 federal agencies.

"I don't think we've done enough in the past to bring together and colate the skills of the different investigate agencies," he said. "We will take a nationwide perspective, assessing trends and using automated data process techniques."

As an example, Bell cited recent efforts to compare computer lists of government employes with lists of welfare recipients, revealing that several government employes were reaping welfare benefits illegally.

"This waste is something that the American people are just sick of," Bell said.

OMB Director James McIntyre said the new councils were designed to help the government implement the Inspector General Act, creating inspector general slots in 12 agencies, and the Civil Service Reform Act.

McIntyre and former Civil Service Commission chairman Alan (Scotty) Campbell were designated to head the second new group, the Presidential Management Improvement Council, which will make use of some of the new management latitude given government supervisors in the Civil Service Reform Act.

Campbell, who heads the newly-created Office of Personnel Management, said his group - which will be a mix of agency management experts and private sector representatives "like chief executive officers from major corporations and heads of universities" - "will deal with specific management problems."

The Management Improvement Council would, for example, assess the need for outside help in some agencies and seek out the experts needed, Campbell said. "We want to emphasize both successes and failures," he said, "and reverse those disinctives that sometime wind up cutting someone's budget because they do a good job."

Campbell said the administration "is trying to overcome the tremendous emphasis on short terms solutions and deal with the real problems of public management."