A special blue-ribbon panel has recommended that the federal government consider a series of new programs to help relocate and retrain workers who may be displaced or thrown out of work as a result of the new energy shortage.

The panel, a subcommittee of the United Nations Association of the United States of America, a nonprofit group, also proposed a major federal study of the impact of the energy shortage on jobs and the economy.

The recommendations were contained in a 28-page report in which the panel warned that officials were not devoting enough attention to the longer-run implications of the energy shortage on the job market.

It said the combination of sharply rising prices for oil and other energy forms and shortages in some areas could result in major shifts throughout the economy that could produce hardships for some groups of workers.

The panel, a subcommittee of UNA's high-level Economic Policy Council, is headed by Glenn E. Watts, president of the Communications Workers of America The council is chaired by Robert O. Anderson, head of Atlantic Richfield Co.

The 56-member UNA comprises well-known business leaders, economisits, union officials and academices. The parent association often makes recommendations on a broad range of foreign policy issues.

The report, released Friday, concluded that "it is evident that changes in the level and distribution of employment, including significant dislocation, are certain to accompany basic changes in existing energy patterns."

It said planning was "essential to minimize the hardships such adjustments would otherwise occasion for workers and their families. . . . The impact is likely to be decidedly uneven, with certain industries and regions much more heavily affected than others." CAPTION: Chart; COMPARISONS - The latest available figures show gasoline hasn't been cheap in many countries for some time, although Saudi Arabia maintains its low 15 cents a gallon. Japan's $2.49 a gallon late last summer leads this list.

The Washington Post