The Seven-nation summit meeting is scheduled to start in Tokyo Thursday morning. Here is a summary of the positions of France, West Germany, Great Britain and Japan, the four other major industrial nations, at the start of the talks.

West German expectations going into the Tokyo summit this week center on bringing the US, Japan and Canada into the same general level of commitment to cut oil consumption as just adopted by European leaders and to affirm the necessity to develop other sources of energy, including nuclear power, despite political risks at home.

West Germany and the other eight members of the European Common Market at a European summit in Strasbourg last week pledged themselves to a six-year hold-down on oil imports at the 1978 level. But that pledge is dependent upon similar action by other major industrial powers - especially the U.S. and Japan - so Bonn officials say the Tokyo meeting, at the very least, must not lag behind the kind of goals established in Strasbourg.

Just as important, Bonn officials say, is to figure out in a coordinated way at Tokyo how to meet those goals so that nations are not fighting for the last drop.

West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt has gone so far as to warn recently that unless the international scramble for oil is brought under control, it "can lead to war." The Chancellor also has publicly committed himself to the absolute necessity of continued, though cautious, development of nuclear power as an alternative source of energy. The French have made similar commitments to nuclear power and a strong Common Market endorsement was contained in the Strasbourg declaration.

Schmidt, facing political trouble on this issue at home and even within his own party, especially wants the broader membership of the Tokyo summit also to endorse the need for nuclear power to help him win the political battle here. Bonn, Europe's largest energy consumer, imports virtually all its oil.

The German chancellor also has pressed publicly for a dialogue between the industrialized nations, developing countries and the OPEC oil producers to try to prevent the energy situation from getting out of hand. Bonn does not expect any detailed agreement on such a dialogue at Tokyo, in part because the developing nations won't be there. But it does look forward to some kind of commitment from the seven nations.

Bonn has separated itself generally from France on the question of trying to control the spot market for oil in Rotterdam, preferring instead to learn more about it first, and is expected to retain this position in Tokyo. CAPTION: Map, no caption