Altough the United States has curtailed the importation of certain technical information, the Soviets are still obtaining much needed know-how by applying for and, in many cases, being granted U.S. patents.

This is how it works. When an inventor applies for a patent, the examiner in due time will make a search of the art in not only U.S. patents, but also foreign patents and technical literature as well. This information is then sent on to the inventor through his patent attorney (if he has one) and the inventor then makes a reply setting forth why his invention is different from that of the patents citedby the examiner. This is called an amendment and sometimes as many as threeamendments take place before the inventor is granted a patent or his application is rejected. In the meantime, the inventor has obtained excellent knowledge of the art up to this time.

Since and including 1973, Soviet inventors have obtained over 2,899 U.S. patents with who knows how many rejections. Just in the month of June of this year the Russians have been granted 23 U.S. patents. They were 12 mechanical, 3 chemical and 8 electrical patents. Without exception all the mechanical patents were for methods or the like of manufacturing objects. It is interesting to note that four of the patents granted had 10 or more inventors.

So far as is known, not one U.S. patented Russian invention has ever appeared in American markets. While the Japanese obtained 51,913 U.S. patents, they do import a large number of new products to the United States every year.

It is also interesting to note that not one of the U.S. granted patents to Russian inventors during June was for a consumer related product.

The Soviet Union also has a patent office and it is said that Americans can apply for a patent in Russia and ifthe invention is new, be granted one.

Every effort is now being made to seejust how many patents have been granted to Americans in the last seven years and the number and names of the ones of any that have been granted during month June of this year. The Russians are no doubt applying for and receiving patents in other countries as well as the United States, the same as American inventors are doing. In a later article, I will report on Americans obtaining patents in the Soviet Union.

Patents granted recently to residents of Maryland, Virginia and the District: MARYLAND

Erwin S. Byrd Hr. of Wheaton, Liquid-Cooled Smoking Device. Patent No. 4,203,455. 13 claims

Andree N. Filipov of Silver Spring, et al. Radar Analog to Digital Converter. Patent No. 4,204,198. 2 claims

Teresa A. Krosnick of Baltimore. Musical Education Toy. Patent No. 4,203,344. 13 claims

George H. Milly of Potomac. Cylindrical Method of Quantifying Fugutive Emission Rates from Pollution Sources. Patent No. 4,204,121. 18 claims.

Edgar W. Sawyer Jr. of Hagerstown. Method of Forming Low Temperature Dispersions. Patent No. 4,203,864. 6 claims.

Myron S. Wheeler of Catonsville and Stephen L. Creasy of Columbia. Flexible Dipole Antenna. Patent No.4,204,213. 15 claims.

Thomas W. Bein of Annapolis. Discharge and Pressure Relief Ports for Mechanisms with Involute Shaped Vanes. Patent No. 4,204,816. 8 claims. Victor H. Esch of Potomac. Hazardous Atmosphere Badge. Patent No. 4,205,043. 5 claims.

John W. Gipprich of Reisterstown. Phase Shifting Circuit Element. Patent No. 4,205,282. 20 claims.

Edward F. Graham of Baltimore. Lift and Weight Saving Aircraft Seat Structure. Patent No. 4,204,657. 18 claims. VIRGINIA

Dale T. Maza and Greg P. Terek of Winchester. Downward Pressure Mop Wringer. Design Patent No. D25,976. Term of 14 years.

David A. O'Connor of Virginia Beach. Support For Use With Electric Computer Units. Design Patent No. D255,965. Term of 14 years.

John B. Lapetina of Norfolk. Fishing Lure. Design Patent No. D255,043. Term of 14 years.

Daniel S. Proffit of Lynchburg andMaurice Regignano of Madison Heights. Heat Transfer Mounting Arrangements for a Solid State Device Connected to a Circuit Board. PatentNo.4,204,248. 5 claims.

Claim: Defines the invention and sets the bounds of the monopoly asserted the inventor.