Automatic Data-Processing (ADP) -- data-processing performed by system of machines interconnected to reduce need for human assistance to minimum.
BAL -- basic assembly language of IBM 360 and 370.
Bit -- smallest unit of information recognized by computer.
Bug -- program defect or error.
Byte -- sequence of bits acted on as unit and usually shorter than computer word.
Capacity, storage -- amount of data that can be stored in computer storage system.
Cathode ray tube (CRT) terminal -- television-like picture tube, along with keyboard, used as visual display terminals (VDT) on which images are produced. CRT allows batches or blocks of information to be instantly accessed, read and displayed on screen.
Central Processing Unit (CPU) -- heart of general-purpose computer that controls interpretation and execution of instructions and input and output units.
Chips -- microprocessors that are complete computers on a single chip of silicon.
COBOL -- COmmon Business Oriented Language, a data-processing language for computer programming that uses English.
Code -- to write a program.
Command -- signal or group of signals that causes computer to execute operation.
Compatability -- characteristic of data-processing equipment by which one machine may accept and process data prepared by another machine without conversion or code modification.
Computer languages -- grammer, reserved words and symbols and techniques for providing instructions to computer system.
Data Processing -- execution of programmed sequence of operations upon data; generic term for computing in business situations and other applications with machines.
Display -- representation of data visibly.
Electronic Data Processing (EDP) -- all-inclusive term meaning overall science of converting data by electronic means into any desired form. Synonymous with ADP.
Format -- predetermined arrangement of characters, fields, lines, page numbers and punctuation marks, usually on single sheet or file.
FORTRAN -- FORmula TRANslation language, common language primarily used to express computer programs by arithmetic formulas.
Garbage -- unwanted or meaningless information stored within computer file.
Hard Copy -- readable machine output on paper for humans.
Hardware -- mechanical and electronic equipment combined with software to create an electronic information processing system.
Inquiry -- request for stored information.
Integration -- sharing of data or information among systems and subsystems.
Interface -- common boundary between ADP systems or parts of single system.
Keyword -- significant or informative word in a title or document that describes content.
LED -- light emitting diode, a form of console display lighting employed on some equipment.
Main-frame -- central processor of computer system, containing main storage, arithmetic unit and special register groups.
Menu -- list of alternative operator actions, supplied by system for operator selection.
Microcomputer -- complete tiny computer, consisting of hardware and software, whose main processing blocks are made of semiconducter integrated circuits.
Networking -- hooking geographically separated computers together over transmission lines, allowing computers to ship data to each other.
Node -- station, terminal, communications computer or installation in computer network.
Packet -- group of bits, including data and control elements, switched and transmitted as unit.
Processor -- computer capable of receiving data, manipulating it and supplying results.
Program -- set of instructions arranged for directing digital computer to perform desired operation.
Query -- request for data entered while computer system is processing.
Software -- term coined to contrast with "iron" or hardware of a computer system. Programs that govern operation of computer; processor's systems library routines, manuals and other service programs.
Storage -- computer-oriented medium in which data is retained.
System -- organized collection of parts or procedures united by regulated interaction and interconnected to perform function.
Terminal -- point in a system or communication network at which data can either enter or leave; a CRT or VDT.
Time Sharing -- sharing of power and cost of large computer facility among a number of users, each equipped with terminals.
Turnkey System -- system in which manufacturer takes full responsibility for complete systems design and installation and supplies all necessary hardware, software and documentation elements.
Video Display Terminal -- display screen that allows keyed or stored information to be viewed for manipulation or editing.
Word Processing -- transition of written, verbal or recorded word to verbal, typewritten or printed form through storage medium that allows information to be conveniently manipulated before it is committed to final form.
Write -- to record data in storage device, data medium or output display.