General Motors Corp.'s 1982 Chevrolet Celebrity received top scores in government crash protection ratings released yesterday.

The Celebrity, a midsize GM car, scored 478 points for driver-side protection against head injuries and 395 points for passenger-side protection in the same category, best among the 12 cars whose test results were released by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

Scores above 1,000 do not meet NHTSA's safety standards in the experimental tests. The lower the score, the better the rating. All of the cars have passed the formal NHTSA standards, which involve test crashes at a lower speed.

The scores are based on measurements of collision forces on dummies inside cars frontally crashed at 35 miles per hour into a fixed barrier. NHTSA's latest test included a dozen 1982-model cars.

Eight of the cars met safety standards for driver and front-seat passenger protection in head-on collisions. They include the four-door Chevrolet Celebrity and Honda Accord, the two-door Chevrolet Camaro (GM), Volvo DL, Dodge 400 (Chrysler Corp.), and Toyota Celica, the four-door Datsun Sentra (Nissan), and the four-door hatchback Datsun Stanza (Nissan).

The cars with ratings above 1,000 were the two-door Volkswagen Scirocco, with a 1,482 rating for front-seat passenger protection; the four-door Saab 900 (1,166 front-seat passenger); the four-door Dodge Omni (1,703 passenger); and the four-door Ford Escort hatchback, (1,070 passenger). The Escort tested also had a driver-side rating of 950.