President Reagan yesterday honored the first recipients of the National Technology Medal, an award created by Congress in 1980 to recognize the contribution of technology to the well-being of the country.

The winners of the medal were:

* Joseph F. Sutter, executive vice president of the Boeing Commercial Airplane Co., for his role in the development of jet-powered commercial aircraft.

* Bob O. Evans, Frederick P. Brooks, Jr. and Erich Bloch, formerly with International Business Machines Corp., for their contributions to the development of the IBM System/360, which revolutionized the data processing industry.

* Allen E. Puckett, chairman of the board, and Harold A. Rosen, vice president of engineering, of Hughes Aircraft Co., for their work on the development of geostationary communications satellites.

* Marvin M. Johnson, of Phillips Petroleum Co., for his discovery and development of metals passivating agents for catalytic cracking catalysts, which enable refineries to process crude oils with higher metal contents.

* John T. Parsons and Frank L. Stulen, of the John T. Parsons Co., for the development of the numerically controlled machine tool for the production of three-dimensional shapes, which has been used in the production of commercial airliners and which led to the growth of the robotics industry.

* Steven P. Jobs and Stephen G. Wozniak, of Apple Computer Inc., for development of the personal computer. Ralph Landau, formerly with Halcon S.D. Group Inc., for his role in the development of petrochemical processes.

* Ian Ross, president, and William O. Baker, former president and chairman of the board of AT&T Bell Laboratories Inc., for contributions to modern communication systems.