The Senate Finance Committee yesterday sent a bill to curb textile imports to the Senate floor, where it faces almost certain approval before a likely presidential veto.

The committee, divided on the bill, sent it to the floor without recommendation. Proponents were promised a Senate vote in return for not including the measure in the omnibus trade bill that was passed last week.

The legislation proposes to restrict imports of textiles and apparels to shield a domestic industry that has seen foreign clothes and clothing shipments capture more than 50 per cent of the U.S. market.

The House Ways and Means Committee is considering a similar bill.

Reagan vetoed a textile bill two years ago, and U.S. Trade Representative Clayton K. Yeutter told the committee that the president would likely veto the new bill if it were passed without major amendments.

The Senate is not expected to take up the measure until after the congressional August recess.

Sen. Claiborne Pell, a Democrat from the textile and clothing producing state of Rhode Island, told the committee that although he backs free trade, the bill is necessary to slow down the flood of inexpensive imported clothing.

He noted that foreign clothing makers pay low wages, use child labor and are less hampered by restrictions to protect the environment. He said that the bill is needed because "there is no other way to cope with the circumstances which confront the {U.S.} industry."

Pell was one of several senators from textile-producing states to testify.

But Yeutter said that in recent months, the domestic industry's production, plant utilization, earnings and exports were up. "If there was ever a nonproblem, this is it," he said.

He charged that the bill, which also would impose restrictions on footwear imports, would increase prices significantly. "It is an enormous rip-off of the American consumer," Yeutter said.

He predicted that U.S. trading partners would retaliate against the measure by closing some of their markets to U.S. goods.