Included in the Uniform Product Safety Act of 1987 are provisions to:
Establish four types of product liability: construction defects, design defects, violation of warranties, and inadequate warnings. Establish that a manufacturer is not liable for a defective product if it "did not know and could not know" that the product was dangerous or if there was no "practical and technically feasible alternative design" -- known as state-of-the-art factors. Establish a complete defense if product users are harmed at a time when they are under the influence of alcohol or drugs and the harm caused is found to be more than 50 percent because of the alcohol or drugs. Set standards for punitive damage claims. Exempt manufacturers of prescription drugs and medical devices that have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration from punitive damages unless the maker withheld or misrepresented information to the FDA that was relevant to the harm the consumer suffered. Exempt manufacturers of drugs or medical devices that are "unavoidably unsafe" -- could not be made safe without impairing their effectiveness. Impose a statute of limitations on claims of two years from the time the individual discovered or should have discovered the harm and its cause and of 25 years for lawsuits involving heavy machinery. Reduce liability by any amount paid as worker compensation. Establish a mediation procedure in which every product liability case would be referred by a state or federal judge to a three-member mediation panel.