Back in 1998, a Virginia Beach restaurateur named John Colaprete appeared before the Senate Finance Committee to describe an Internal Revenue Service run amok, raiding his restaurant and home, terrorizing his family -- all because his former bookkeeper, whom he fired and accused of embezzlement, had run to the agency with a tale of drugs, money laundering and tax cheating.
An eager Congress listened attentively to his testimony and that of several other individual taxpayers and businessmen, and in the aftermath voted to restructure the IRS and to pass legislation mandating the firing of any agency employees caught abusing a taxpayer.
IRS law enforcement activities shrank sharply. Audit rates and levies, liens and property seizures fell to historic lows, and even now have not returned to their previous levels.
Property seizures, which totaled 10,090 in fiscal 1997, dropped to 161 in 1999, and reached only 399 last year. Audits of individuals dropped from 1.5 million in fiscal 1997 to 617,765 in 2000. The total made its way back up to 849,296 last year.
These declines took place at a time when the U.S. economy was expanding rapidly and, as has now become clear, abusive tax shelters grew into a virtual industry.
Colaprete, his restaurant, known as The Jewish Mother (its company name is Mom's), and others sued the IRS and Virginia officials, seeking $20 million in damages. But the courts appear to have been less convinced than Congress. A federal district court dismissed most of the complaints in 2000, and last week the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals tossed out those the lower court had left standing.
The appellate court found that IRS and other agents acted reasonably when they obtained the search warrant used in the raid. Even though Colaprete was never charged with anything and his records and computers were eventually returned, the court held that the bookkeeper had given the agents enough to support a warrant.
The raid may have been a mistake, but agents operated within the law.
"The pertinent question is not 'whether probable cause was, in fact, present,' but 'whether the officer could have reasonably thought there was probable cause to seek a warrant,' " the court said.
The court noted that the bookkeeper brought with her cash-register receipts and other records and told agents she had been keeping, as she said her employer had asked, two sets of books, which would have implicated her as well as her employers in criminal activities.
When "an informant's statements are against her penal interest [it] significantly strengthens the informant's credibility," the court said.
The picture painted by the court is hardly one of an agency raging around the country out of control and trampling taxpayers' rights.
Rather it looks more like a lone state trooper trying to enforce a 55 mph zone on a road where half the drivers go 80.
But that seems to be what Congress wants. Last month the House voted to cut President Bush's budget request for the IRS for next year by more than $380 million. The Senate has not yet acted, but if the House funding level becomes law, Internal Revenue Commissioner Mark W. Everson wrote in a letter to Sen. Max Baucus (D-Mont.), it would "jeopardize . . . enforcement initiatives" and "substantially reduce our ability to hire an additional 4,100 enforcement personnel," which the agency had hoped to do.
In fact, the cut would leave the IRS $80 million short of what it needs to pay the enforcement people it hired this year, he added. "We would likely have to freeze hiring and not be able to cover employee losses in our service and enforcement areas, which would result in a net reduction in IRS staffing," Everson said.
Too many speeders? Fire the cops.
If you're a speeder, that sounds like a good idea. But if you drive at the legal limit and worry about getting hit, it might give you pause.
And honest taxpayers are getting hit. The "tax gap" between what Americans owe and what they actually pay is running between $250 billion and $311 billion -- a figure, and it's only a guess, that works out to an average of about $2,000 extra per tax return that taxpayers have to shell out.
The average cost of a private room in a nursing home in this country is $192 a day, or $70,080 a year, according to the MetLife Mature Market Institute. The average length of stay in a nursing home today is 2.4 years, which makes the average cost of such a stay about $168,192.
But rates vary widely across the country, the survey found. The most expensive area is Alaska, where the average cost across the entire state is $561 a day, or $204,765 per year. Second is Stamford, Conn., at $331 a day, or $120,815. The least expensive area is Shreveport, La., at $99 a day, or $36,135 a year.
Paying taxes to Iraq? If so, you can take a credit for them against your U.S. taxes, the Treasury Department said last week. U.S. tax rules generally allow taxpayers a credit for taxes paid to a foreign country, but special rules deny such credits for countries with which the United States does not have diplomatic relations or that have been identified as sponsors of international terrorism. Iraq had been listed as such a country, but the State Department has certified that it no longer is.