THEN & NOW

Schwartz Pharmacy -- Starbucks

A Dupont Circle fixture once famous for its old-fashioned soda fountain, Schwartz Pharmacy spent 77 years on the corner of Connecticut Avenue and R Street. The drugstore's lunch counter was an institution, serving customers from neighborhood kids to Jackie Kennedy and Hubert Humphrey. In 1975, Eddie Lewis, who stood behind the counter for 30 years, described Schwartz's as "a country store stuck in the middle of the city." A year after Lewis died, the lunch counter closed. It was hard to find oldfashioned soda jerks and utility costs made it too expensive. The pharmacy remained open until 1993, when owner David Shapiro found out that his rent would double. The landmark is now occupied by a Starbucks, one of four in Dupont Circle.

Janus Theater -- Benetton/Sisley

The Cineplex Odeon Janus 3 theater went dark in May 2002 after showing movies at Connecticut and R for almost four decades. While some Washingtonians dubbed it the "heinous" Janus because of cramped seating and a pole that partially obstructed the viewing area, the three-screen theater appealed to cinephiles by showing limited-release films. Ultimately, the Janus could not compete with the mega-theaters springing up all over the Washington area. In 2004, United Colors of Benetton and a Sisley store, a Benetton brand that sells a mix of men's and women's clothing, opened in the space. They were later joined by Sette Osteria, a casual Italian restaurant with the same owner as Cafe Milano in Georgetown. Benetton had a store south of Dupont before moving into its present location.

Peoples Drug -- CVS

Founded in 1904, Peoples Drug was Washington's pharmacy. It went through a number of owners before it was bought by CVS in 1990. But the stores, including the landmark location on Dupont Circle, kept the Peoples name until 1994.

Larimer's -- Asian Cafe & Rice Bowl

After 97 years in Dupont Circle, Larimer's market closed its doors in November 1992. The store once catered to Washington's carriage trade and was one of the few places in the area that carried international gourmet food. But it increasingly faced stiff competition from better-financed retailers, such as Sutton Place Gourmet and Giant Food gourmet shops, and filed for bankruptcy six months before its closing. To date, no retailer has remained in the space for longer than five years. Market Day, a grocer that operated European-style food stalls, opened in the mid-1990s but closed a few years later. An Italian market called Viareggio opened in 1999 and closed in 2004.

Toast and Strawberries, the Daily Grind and Dupont Image -- Ann Taylor Loft

Ann Taylor Loft now occupies the space that once housed three independent stores. In 1991, tenants included Toast and Strawberries, a women's clothing store with African influences; the Daily Grind, a store that sold imported coffees and teas; and Dupont Image, a knickknack store that catered to tourists. In 2000, building owner Michael Kain doubled the building's retail square footage by breaking down the walls between the stores and extending his row of buildings back to an alley. Kain has been the architect for much of the development on the east side of Connecticut between Q and R streets, including the redevelopment of 1601 Connecticut, now home to WrapWorks.

GONE

Retail strip in old Riggs block In 1990, Riggs Bank announced plans to tear down its Dupont branch and adjacent rowhouses to build a seven-story office building, but neighborhood opposition derailed the project. In 1997, Riggs got approval from the District's Historic Preservation Board to renovate the building to its original condition and construct an international banking center. Neighborhood groups generally supported the move because Riggs preserved the building, but lamented the loss of retail shops on the block. Former tenants Marvelous Market, Beadazzled and Kemp Mill Records moved across the street, while Burrito Brothers moved up a couple of blocks before leaving Dupont Circle. PNC Bank now owns the building and the retail storefronts are still empty.

STAYING POWER

Melody Records Shop and Lambda Rising

A core group of Dupont Circle stalwarts, including Melody Records Shop, Lambda Rising, and Kramerbooks and Afterwords have remained as Connecticut Avenue changed around them. Many of the long-term tenants own their own buildings, are locked into long leases or have good relationships with their landlords. Melody Records owner Jack Menase says his customers come to his store from the suburbs, looking for music they can't find elsewhere. Lambda Rising, which opened in Dupont in 1974, was Washington's first gay bookstore and still maintains a loyal clientele. Long before Borders Books and Music, you could sip a latte and read a magazine at Kramerbooks and Afterwords. "That's a truly unique Washington retailer that you can't find anywhere else," Washington broker Eric Rubin says.

Dupont's New Demographics

Retail changes were spurred in part by wealthier residents moving into the area. On an inflation-adjusted basis, the median income of Dupont Circle residents rose 29 percent since 1990, compared with 2.5 percent for the District. The racial balance also shifted, with whites comprising more than half the population and blacks less than a quarter.

R A C E Key: 1990 | 2006 WHITE BLACK ASIAN OTHERS Dupont Circle District 45.0% 52.6 29.6 32.2 Dupont Circle District 42.0% 23.2 65.8 55.7 Dupont Circle District 2.8% 5.5% 1.8% 3.4% Dupont Circle District 10.2% 18.7% 2.8% 8.7% M O N E Y Key:ª 1990 ª 2006 MEDIAN INCOME AVERAGE HOME VALUE Dupont D.C. Dupont D.C. $59,840 $48,917 $555,019 $581,501 1990 figures adjusted for inflation

Address/Merchant

KEY Boldface = New since 1991* indicates recently closed

Washington Jewelers 1742

Bistro du Coin 1738

Polo Indian Club 1736

Regency Cleaners 1734

Mourayo 1732

Carpet & Floor Designs 1730

Ellen's Futons 1728

Timberlake's 1726

Alero 1724

A Brighter Image 1720

Johnny Rockets 1718

Odeon Cafe 1714

Thai Chef 1712

Pleasure Place 1710

Kultura Books* 1706

Daddy & Son Camiceria Italiana 1704

Secondi 1702

Starbucks 1700

Benetton/Sisley 1666

Sette Osteria 1666

Ecco Shoes 1636

Cingular Wireless 1630

Comfort One Shoes 1630

Zorba's Cafe 1612

Childe Harold 1610

Table Top 1608

Etrusco 1606

1753 Commerce Bank

1745 Candleman

1743 Salon Cielo

1739 Lucky Brand Jeans

1737 Anna Maria's

1735 Embassy Camera

1731 City Lights of China

1729 Capitol Video Sales

1727 Asian Cafe & Rice Bowl

1723 Leather Rack

1721 Ginza

1719 Eportworld.com

1717 Aaron Gallery

1709 Designer Arts & Crafts

1701 La Tomate

1647 Cosi

1645 Dupont Silver*

1643 Best Cellars

1635 Potbelly

1633 Larry's Ice Cream

1629 Chipotle

1627 Top Shelf

1627 Claude Taylor Photo

1625 Lambda Rising

1623 Melody Record Shop

1621 Comfort One Shoes

1619 Blue Mercury

1611 Ann Taylor Loft

1607 VSL Hair Design

1607 Comfort One Shoes

1605 Subway

1601 WrapWorks

1529 Connecticut Ave.Wine/Liquor

1517 Kramerbooks and Afterwords

1511 Marvelous Market

1509 Axis

1507 Beadazzled

1501 Starbucks

About this Package Sources of information for the 1991 locations include Haines Criss+Cross Directories, Washington Post articles and interviews with longtime neighborhood residents and businesspeople. Demographic information provided by Environmental Systems Research Institute. Washington Post artists Todd Lindeman and Nathaniel Vaughn Kelso contributed to this graphic.