TURGENEV: His Life and Times, by Leonard Schapiro (Random House, $15.95). The most Westernized of the great Russian novelists, Turgenev was also perhaps the greatest artist. He was admired by James and Flaubert in their time, and by V.S. Pritchett (who wrote a study of his literary career) and Isaih Berlin in ours. This biography of the author of Fathers and Sons and First Love is probably the most exhastive available in English. STRAVINSHY IN FRANCE AND DOCUMENTS, by Vera Stravisky and Robert Craft (Simon and Schuster, $35). A sumptuous oversized volume, this scrapbook-biography is a must for admirers of the genius who gave the world The Rite of Spring and The Rake's Progress . A PORTRAIT OF JANE AUSTEN, by David Cecil (Hill and Wang, $19.95). Cecil's life of the author of Pride and Prejudice is distinguished by its affection for the subject and grace in the telling. But what else would you expect from the masterly author of Melbourne and many other biographies? ANTON VAN WEVER, by Hans Moldenhauer deliberate of the three great masters of 12-tone music (the others are Schoenberg and Berg), is given his due in this authorative account of his personal life and musical career, both sadly cut short when he was accidentally shot by a G.I. at the end of World War II. BERNARD BERENSON: The Making of a CONNOISSEUR, by Ernest Samuels (Harvard, $15). This is the first volume (of two) in the authorized biography of the famous art collector and connoisseur. It traces, in exacting detail, the early life of an immigrant boy named Bernhard -- from his years at Harvard and devotion of "art for art's sake" to the time when he is about to become the final authority on Renaissance painting. THE PATH THROUGH THE TREES, by Christopher Milne (Dutton, $10.95). The grown-up years of the real Christopher Robin were laden with confusion and uncertainty, but they are recounted with grace and understanding. This book is the sequel to The Enchanted Places , and follows Milne's life through World War II up to his present career as a provincial bookseller and craftsman. A LION FOR LOVE: A Critical Biography of Stendhal, by Robert Alter (Basic, $12.95).One of the most fascinating novelists of all time, Stendhal led many lives: army officer, journalist, lover, minor diploma. But he was above all a writer, one who could compose a life of Rossini, a theoretical study of love, travel guides to France and Italy, a defense of Romanticism, and, of couse, two of the greatest novels of world leterature, The Red and the Black and The Charterhouse of Parma . Alter examines both the man and his writings, allowing each to illuminate the other. FREUD: Biologist of the Mind, by Frank J. Sulloway (Basic, $20). The first major biography since Ernest Jones' official three-volume life, this book demonstrates that Freud, though a genius, derived many of his supposedly orginal therior from biological and medical ideas current at the close of the 19th century. TO BE ... OR NOT TO BOP, by Dizzy Gillespie with Al Fraser (Doubleday, $14.95).The legendary trumpeter, in recounting his life and musical career, illuminates the culture and moeurs of the postwar jazz scene. DIAGHILEV, by Richard Buckle (Altheneum, $19.95)9 The impresario who created the Ballet Resse -- the company that gave the world such works as the Nijinsky choreography for The Rite of Spring -- was a man as complex and tempermental as any troupe of prima donas. Buckle brings him to life, as well as the artistic moment when giants like Stravinsky and Picasso were young and all the arts were filled with the spirit of carnival. MARVELLA: A Personal Journey, by Marvela Bayh with Mary Lynn Kotz (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, $11.95). A story of Washington and politics, told with humor and sumpathy, by the late wife of Sen. Birch Bayh, a woman who apparently was worthy of her first name. TESTIMONY: The Memoirs of Dimitri Shostakovich, related to and edited by Solomon Volkov (Harper & Row, $15). sBeneath the accommodating manner, the Soviet Union's model composer apparently was a man born by guilt and fear for his life. Before his death he recounted his true feelings about his musical career to a young admirer who smuggled the story out of Russia. CHARMED LIVES, by Michael Korda (random House, $15). Korda, the executive editior of Simon and Schuster, recollects the scapegrace ways and unexpected byways in the lives of his father and two uncles, all of who were involved in the British film industry. Stealing the show is Sir Alexander Korda, the producer of many films, including the classic, The Thrid Man .