1970 National Book Award FICTION: Them, by Joyce Carol Oates ARTS AND LETTERS: An Unfinished Woman, by Lillian Hellman HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY: Huey Long, by T. Harry Williams POETRY: The Complete Poems, by Elizabeth Bishop SCIENCE, PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION: Gandhi's Truth: On the Origin of Militant Nonviolence, by Erik Erikson CHILDREN'S LITERATURE: A Day of Pleasure: Stories of a Boy Growing Up in Warsaw, by Isaac Bashevis Singer TRANSLATION: Castle to Castle, by Louis Ferdinand Celine, translated by Ralph Manheim Nobel Prize Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn, U.S.S.R. Putlitzer Prize FICTION: Collected Stories, by Jean Stafford HISTORY: Present at the Creation: My Years in the State Department, by Dean Acheson BIOGRAPHY: Huey Long, by T. Harry Williams GENERAL NONFICTION: Gandhi's Truth: On the Origins of Militant Nonviolence, by Erik Erikson POETRY: Untitled Subjects, by Richard Howard 1971 National Book Award FICTION: Mr. Sammler's Planet, by Saul Bellow ARTS AND LETTERS: Cocteau, by Francis Steegmuller HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY: Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom, 1940-1945, by James MacGregor Burns POETRY: To See, To Take, by Mona Van Duyn THE SCIENCES: Sciences in the British Colonies of America, by Raymond Phineas Stearns CHILDREN'S LITERATURE: The Marvelous Misadventures of Sebastian, by Lloyd Alexander TRANSLATION: Saint Joan of the Stockyards, by Bertolt Brecht, translated by Frank Jones. The Sound of the Mountain, by Yasunari Kawabata, translated by Edward G. Seidensticker Nobel Prize Pablo Neruda, Chile Pulitzer Prize FICTION: No award HISTORY: Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom, 1940-1945, by James MacGregor Burns BIOGRAPHY: Robert Frost: The Years of Triumph, 1915-1938, by Lawrence R. Thompson GENERAL NONFICTION: The Rising Sun, by John Toland POETRY: The Carrier of Ladders, by W. S. Merwin 1972 National Book Award FICTION: The Complete Stories, by Flannery O'Connor ARTS AND LETTERS: The Classical Style: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, by Charles Rosen BIOGRAPHY: Eleanor and Franklin: The Story of Their Relationship Based on Eleanor's Private Papers, by Joseph P. Lash HISTORY: Ordeal of the Union series -- The Organized War, 1863-74; Vol. 8, The War for the Union: The Organized War to Victory, 1864-65, by Allan Nevins POETRY: Selected Poems, by Howard Moss; The Collected Poems, by Frank O'Hara PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION: The Righteous Empire: The Protestant Experience in America, by Martin E. Marty THE SCIENCES: The Blue Whale, by George L. Small CONTEMPORARY AFFAIRS: The Last Whole Earth Catalog: Access to Tools, by Stewart Brand CHILDREN'S LITERATURE: The Slightly Irregular Fire Engine or the Hithering Thithering Djinn, by Donald Barthelme TRANSLATION: Chane and Necessity, by Jacques Monod, translated by Austryn Wainhouse Nobel Prize Heinrich Boll, Germany Pulitzer Prize FICTION: Angle of Repose, by Wallace Stegner HISTORY: Neither Black Nor White, by C. N. Degler BIOGRAPHY: Eleanor and Franklin, by Joseph P. Lash GENERAL NONFICTION: Stilwell and the American Experience in China, 1911-1945, by Barbara W. Tuchman POETRY: Collected Poems, by James Wright 1973 National Book Award FICTION: Chimera, by John Barth ARTS AND LETTERS: Diderot, by Arthur M. Wilson BIOGRAPHY: George Washington: Anguish and Farewell (1793-1799), by James Thomas Flexner POETRY: Collected Poems: 1951-1971, by A. R. Ammons PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION: A Religios History of the American People, by Sydney E. Ahlstrom THE SCIENCES: The Serengeti Lion: A Study of Predator-Prey Relations, by George B. Schaller CONTEMPORARY AFFAIRS: Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam, by Frances Fitzgerald CHILDREN'S LITERATURE: The Farthest Shore, by Ursula LeGuin TRANSLATION: The Aeneid of Virgil, translated by Allen Mandelbaum Nobel Prize Patrick White, Australia Pulitzer Prize FICTION: The Optimist's Daughter, by Eudora Welty HISTORY: People of Paradox: An Inquiry Concerning the Origins of American Civilization, by Michael Kammen BIOGRAPHY: Luce and His Empire, by W. A. Swanberg GENERAL NONFICTION: Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam, by Frances FitzGerald POETRY: Up Country, by Maxine Kumin SPECIAL CITATION: George Washington, vols. I-IV, by James Thomas Flexner 1974 National Book Award FICTION: A Crown of Feathers and Other Stories, by Isaac Bashevis Singer and Gravity's Rainbow, by Thomas Pynchon ARTS AND LETTERS: Deeper into Movies, by Pauline Kael BIOGRAPHY: Malcolm Lowry, by Douglas Day POETRY: The Fall of America: Poems of These States, 1965-1971, by Allen Ginsberg HISTORY: Macaulay: The Shaping of the Historian, by John Clive PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION: Edmund Husserl: Philosopher of Infinite Tasks, by Maurice Natanson THE SCIENCES: Life: The Unfinished Experiment, by S. E. Luria CONTEMPORARY AFFAIRS: The Briar Patch: The People of the State of New York vs. Lumumba Shakur et al, by Murray Kempton CHILDREN'S LITERATURE: The Court of the Stone Children, by Eleanor Cameron TRANSLATION: The Confessions of Lady Nijo, translated by Karen Brazell; Alternating Currents, by Octavio Paz, translated by Helen Lane; Monsieur Teste, by Paul Valery, translated by Jackson Matthews Nobel Prize Harry Martinson and Eyvind Johnson, Sweden Pulitzer Prize FICTION: No award HISTORY: The Americans: The Democratic Experience, by Daniel J. Boorstin BIOGRAPHY: O'Neill, Son and Artist, by Louis Sheaffer GENERAL NONFICTION: The Denial of Death, by Ernest Becker POETRY: The Dolphin, by Robert Lowell 1975 National Book Award FICTION: Dog Soldiers, by Robert Stone and The Hair of Harold Roux, by Thomas Williams ARTS AND LETTERS: Marcel Proust, by Roger Shattuck and The Lives of a Cell: Notes of a Biology Watcher, by Lewis Thomas BIOGRAPHY: The Life of Emily Dickinson, by Richard Sewall HISTORY: The Ordeal of Thomas Hutchinson, by Bernard Bailyn CONTEMPORARY AFFAIRS: All God's Dangers: The Life of Nate Shaw, by Theodore Rosengarten POETRY: Presentation Piece, by Marilyn Hacker PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION: Anarchy, State and Utopia, by Robert Nozick THE SCIENCES: Interpretation of Schizophrenia, by Silvano Arieti CHILDREN'S LITERATURE: M. C. Higgins the Great, by Virginia Hamilton TRANSLATION: The Agony of Christianity and Essays on Faith, by Miguel de Unamuno, translated by Anthony Kerrigan Nobel Prize Eugenio Montale, Italy Pulitzer Prize Fiction: The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara HISTORY: Jefferson and His Time, by Dumas Malone BIOGRAPHY: The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York, by Robert Caro GENERAL NONFICTION: Pilgrim at Tinker Creek, by Annie Dillard POETRY: Turtle Island, by Gary Snyder 1976 National Book Award FICTION: JR, by William Gaddis ARTS AND LETTERS: The Great War and Modern Memory, by Paul Fussell HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY: The Problem of Slavery in an Age of Revolution: 1770-1823, by David B. Davis CONTEMPORARY AFFAIRS: Passage to Ararat, by Michael J. Arlen POETRY: Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror, by John Ashbery CHILDREN'S LITERATURE: Bert Breen's Barn, by Walter D. Edmonds TRANSLATION: No award National Book Critics Circle Award FICTION: Ragtime, by E. L. Doctorow CRITICISM: The Great War and Modern Memory, by Paul Fussell NONFICTION: Edith Wharton: A Biography, by R. W. B. Lewis POETRY: Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror, by John Ashbery Nobel Prize Saul Bellow, United States Pulitzer Prize FICTION: Humboldt's Gift, by Saul Bellow HISTORY: Lamy of Sante Fe, by Paul Horgan BIOGRAPHY: Edith Wharton: A Biography, by R. W. B. Lewis GENERAL NONFICTION: Why Survive? Being Old in America, by Robert N. Butler POETRY: Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror, by John Ashbery 1977 National Book Award FICTION: The Spectator Bird, by Wallace Stegner BIOGRAPHY: Norman Thomas: The Last Idealist, by W. A. Swanberg HISTORY: World of Our Fathers, by Irving Howe CONTEMPORARY THOUGHT: The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales, by Bruno Bettelheim POETRY: Collected Poems: 1930-1976, by Richard Eberhart CHILDREN'S LITERATURE: The Master Puppeteer, by Katherine Paterson TRANSLATION: Master Tung's Western Chamber Romance: A Chinese Chantefable, translated by Li-li Ch'en SPECIAL MERIT AWARD: Roots, by Alex Haley National Book Critics Circle Award FICTION: October Light, by John Gardner CRITICISM: The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales, by Bruno Bettelheim NONFICTION: The Woman Warrior: Memories of a Girlhood Among Ghosts, by Maxine Hong Kingston POETRY: Geography III, by Elizabeth Bishop Nobel Prize Vicente Aleixandre, Spain Pulitzer Prize FICTION: No award HISTORY: The Impending Crisis 1841-1846, by David M. Potter (published posthumously; manuscript completed by Don E. Fehrenbacher) BIOGRAPHY: A Prince of Our Disorder, by John E. Mack GENERAL NONFICTION: Beautiful Swimmers, by William N. Warner POETRY: Divine Comedies, by James Merrill SPECIAL CITATION: Roots, by Alex Haley 1978 National Book Award FICTION: Blood Tie, by Mary Lee Settle HISTORY: The Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870-1914, by David McCullough POETRY: The Collected Poems, by Howard Nemerov CONTEMPORARY THOUGHT: Winners and Losers, by Gloria Emerson CHILDREN'S LITERATURE: The View from the Oak: The Private Worlds of Other Creatures, by Judith and Herbert Kohl TRANSLATION: In the Deserts of this Earth, by Uwe George, translated by Richard and Clara Winston SPECIAL ACHIEVEMENT MEDAL: S. J. Perelman National Book Critics Circle Award FICTION: Song of Solomon, Toni Morrison CRITICISM: On Photography, by Susan Sontag NONFICTION: Samuel Johnson, by W. Jackson Bate POETRY: Day by Day, by Robert Lowell Nobel Prize Isaac Bashevis Singer, United States Pulitzer Prize FICTION: Elbow Room, by James Alan MacPherson HISTORY: The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business, by Alfred Chandler Jr. BIOGRAPHY: Samuel Johnson, by W. Jackson Bate GENERAL NONFICTION: The Dragons of Eden, by Carl Sagan POETRY: The Collected Poems, by Howard Nemerov 1979 National Book Award FICTION: Going After Cacciato, by Tim O'Brien HISTORY: Intellectual Life in the Colonial South, 1585-1763, by Richard Beale Davis POETRY: Mirabell: Books of Number, by James Merrill CONTEMPORARY THOUGHT: The Snow Leopard, by Peter Matthiessen CHILDREN'S LITERATURE: The Great Gilly Hopkins, by Katherine Paterson TRANSLATION: Cesar Vallejo: The Complete Posthumous Poetry, translated by Clayton Eshleman and Jose Rubia Garcia National Book Critics Circle Award FICTION: The Stories of John Cheever NONFICTION: Inventing America: Jefferson's Declaration of Independence, by Garry Wills CRITICISM: Modern Art: 19th and 20th Centuries, Selected Papers, by Meyer Schapiro POETRY: Hello, Darkness: The Collected Poems of L. E. Sissman, edited by Peter Davison Nobel Prize Odysseus Elytis, Greece Pulitzer Prize FICTION: The Stories of John Cheever HISTORY: The Dred Scott Case, by Don E. Fehrenbacker BIOGRAPHY: Days of Sorrow and Pain: Leo Baeck and the Berlin Jews, by Leonard Baker GENERAL NONFICTION: On Human Nature, by Edward O. Wilson POETRY: Now and Then, by Robert Penn Warren