Teaching All Children to Read, by Michael A. Wallach and Lise Wallach (Phoenix/University of Chicago, $5.50). Through their research, the Wallachs (both psychologists) found that children from low-income families often do not learn to read because they lack certain preliminary skills which a middle-class child usually masters in preschool or at home. Here the Wallachs present their theories on what reading skills are missing for the poor, and they include a "Tutor's Manual" suggesting materials -- most easily made at home -- games and exercises designed to help children master letters and their sounds.

Financing College Education, by Kenneth A. Kohl and Irene C. Kohl (Harper & Row, $4.95; cloth, $12.95). As the cost of college education goes up, middle-class families find it increasingly difficult to send their children to college. The Kohls have compiled a useful outline of virtually every scholarship, loan or grant available for students in this country, whether the student be athletic, academic, handicapped, married, or middleaged.

Hucksters in the Classroom: A Review of Industry Propaganda in Schools, by Sheila Harty (Center for Study of Responsive Law, P.O. Box 19367, Washington, D.C. 20036, $10). This study, by a member of Ralph Nader's team, determines that school children are a pliable and captive audience for promotional programs being pushed by big business in the schools. According to the book, "free" instructional aids given to schools by corporations are often insidious advertisements for either the corporation's products or its political and economic biases. Author Sheila Harty urges teachers and school officials to scrutinize and avoid using educational material produced by corporations.

Jobs '80-'81, by William N. Yeomans (Putnam/Paragon, $4.95; cloth, $9.95). Advice on choosing a career, writing resumes, making a successful interview happen. Included is an annotated directory of more than 100 types of specialized and nonspecialized jobs.

Elusive Equality: The Status of Black Americans in Higher Education, by Lorenzo Morris (Howard University, $10.95). Morris, who has done a statistical analysis of the numbers of blacks enrolled in colleges, universities and graduate schools, finds that their numbers rose between 1975 and 1977. But, he says, the progress in the last couple of years has been less significant: He calls for a renewed commitment by both the federal government and institutions of higher learning, to encourage black participation in college degree programs.

The Perpetual Dream: Reform and Experiment in the American College, by Gerald Grant and David Riesman (Phoenix/University of Chicago, $6.95).Grant and Riesman look into the educational reforms brought about by the campus unrest of the '60s. They evaluate which of the many innnovations seem most successful and worth preserving, which have failed. The book won the American Council on Education award for the Outstanding book on higher education for 1978.

The Literacy Hoax: The Decline of Reading, Writing, and Learning in the Public Schools and What We Can Do About It, by Paul Copperman (Morrow/Quill, $5.95). Copperman, who believes that "our education system is a sick $130 billion a year social institution," prescribes as a cure a return to high standards and basic education, firm authority to be wielded by teachers and principals, and local autonomy over school matters.

Diary of a Harlem Schoolteacher, by Jim Haskins (Scarborough/Stein and Day, $4.65). Inside P.S. 92, an elementary school on Harlem's 134th Street, from the point of view of Haskins, a black teacher, who, when he taught there a decade ago, was full of hope that he could do something about the educational deprivation of his students, most of whom lived below the poverty level. Haskins found himself mired in bureaucracy and the seemingly insurmountable problems of an educational system in collapse -- with teachers who failed to teach and children unable to learn. Unfortunately, says Haskins, the book, put together from his diaries 10 years ago, could have been written yesterday.

Guiding Children's Reading Through Experiences, by Roma Gans; Reading Without Nonsense, by Frank Smith (Teachers College Press, 81 Adams Dr., Totowa, N.J. 07512, $5.95 and $6.95 respectively). Both books investigate how children learn to read, how parents and teachers can best assist the learning child, which reading programs succeed and which do not. art are. So we go on fussing with minor adjustments in the curriculum m