FICTION

The Apes of God, by Wyndham Lewis (Black Sparrow, $10; cloth, $20). The name is legendary, but the work is still little read. But thanks to an ambitious program from Black Sparrow, a good many Wyndham Lewis titles are being returned to print. In fact, Lewis remains, in the view of critic Frederic Jameson, the only modernist of his generation -- Pound, Joyce, Eliot -- who still has the power to shock and surprise us. Of his many novels, Tarr may be the best known, but this massive panorama is probably his greatest work of social satire, a sprawling comic-philosophical exploration of the 1920s in England and especially of its literary makers, shakers, and hangerson.

Rough Strife, by Lynne Sharon Schwartz (Playboy, $2.75). Highly acclaimed when it first appeared, Schwartz's first novel details a marriage more colorful, more interesting, and finally, more enduring than most. For more than 20 years, Caroline and Ivan, with their brains, looks and style, live out a romance which begins in Italy, begets two daughters, and survives many diversions and divisions.

Museums & Women and The Same Door, by John Updike (Vintage, $4.95 each). For 25 years John Updike has been publishing sentences; sometimes these are arranged as stories, sometimes as essays, poems, novels and plays. But, Regardless of genre, all his work possesses those distinctive Updike qualities -- sensuous detailing, a vocabulary one savors, diction that ranges from the laconic to the rococo, and a sure eye for the sorrows and complexities of childhood and married life.

NONFICTION

Unfinished Business: Pressure Points in the Lives of Women, by Maggie Scarf (Ballantine, $3.95). An enormous number of women suffer from depression, in degrees more or less debilitating but always unpleasant. Maggie Scarf looks at the factors which bring on depression: biological triggers, pressures of professional or personal life, trauma. But the theme which runs through almost all depressions is the "unfinished business" of one's life, the phases and questions which were not completely worked through in the passage from childhood to adulthood.

Lyndon: An Oral Biography, by Merle Miller (Ballantine, $9.95). One might call this "Miller's Life of Johnson" for, like Boswell's famous biography, it is packed with anecdote, wit and shrewdness from an irascible no-nonsense bear of a man. As time passes, it seems clearer tht Lyndon Johnson, for all his faults and mistakes, was one of the few presidents of modern times that an intelligent man might admire.

Sideshow: Kissinger, Nixon and the Destruction of Cambodia, by William Shawcross (Simon and Schuster/Touchstone, $8.95). Already a classic of journalism -- it received the 1980 George Polk Book Award -- this investigation of America's involvement in Cambodia has been updated with a new report from that country and a refutation of Kissinger's defense of his policies in his memoirs.

Marilyn Lives! by Joel Oppenheimer (Delilah/Putnam, $8.95). A tribute to the really divine Miss M, comparing Monroe with Bardot, Jackie, and other cultural icons. What matters, though, are the images -- the pouting crimson lips, the platinum hair, the bursting curves in tight lame gowns, the baby-girl voice, the innocent seductress, the American dream. Included are stills from her classic screwball comedies: The Seven-Year Itch, Some Like It Hot and Gentlemen Prefer Blondes.

SCIENCE FICTION

New Voices 4: The John W. Campbell Award Nominees, edited by George R. R. Martin (Berkely, $2.25). Each year the Campbell award honors the best new writer in the field; this series has been reprinting some of the best stories by the various nominees. Volume four features work by John Varley ("Blue Champagne"), M. A. Foster ("Entertainment"), Arsen Darnay ("The Pilgrimage of Ishten Telen Haragosh"), Joan D. Vinge ("Psiren"), and Tom Reamy ("M Is for the Million Things"). Also included is an appreciation by A. J. Budrys of the much-mourned Reamy, to whose memory the anthology is dedicated.

The Hitchiker's Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams (Pocket, $2.50). In those already immortal words, "Don't Panic." One Thursday afternoon Prostetnic Vogon Jeltz of the Galactic Hyperspace Planning Council destroys Earth to make way for a hyperspatial expressway. Only two men survive: Arthur Dent and his friend Ford Prefect, a stranded alien researcher for The Hitchiker's Guide to the Galaxy. Together they explore strange new worlds, and manage to send up a fair number of literary and science fiction commonplaces. Fans will be pleased to know that next spring the duo will be back in The Restaurant at the End of the Universe.

Where Late the Sweet Birds Sang and Fault Lines, by Kate Wilhelm (Pocket/Timescape, $2.50; $2.25). Wilhelm is among the finer novelists of sf, mixing psychological fiction, social concerns, and scientific speculation. The first novel here, dealing with cloning and a closed society, received a Hugo; the second transcribes the memories of a woman -- tough, independent, disillusioned -- trapped beneath the wreckage of her house by an earthquake.

Galaxy: Volume I, edited by Frederik Pohl, Martin H. Greenberg, and Joseph D. Olander (Playboy, $2.50). Galaxy specialized in social science fiction, often with a humorous tone or satirical edge. This anthology, the first of two volumes, gathers some of the best stories from the magazine's 30 years -- Damon Knight's "To Serve Man," William Tenn's "Betelgeuse Bridge," Algis Budry's "Wall of Crystal, Eye of Night" -- as well as brief memoirs from the chosen writers about the magazine, its editors and its policies.