BOOK WORLD asked a number of Washingtonians, present and former, what books they would most like to receive for Christmas and why? The answers below not only provide an interesting profile of what Washingtonians are reading, or want to read, and should be of use to Santas all over the Capital city.

JOSEPH ALSOP, Journalist and Author

"The only book on my Christmas list this year is my own forthcoming book, FDR: A Centenary Remembrance."

ARTHUR ASHE, Wimbledon Champion, Men's Singles, 1975

Tar Baby, by Toni Morrison; Wade in the Water, by Lerone Bennett Jr.; Broca's Brain, by Carl Sagan.

FRANZ BADER, Bookseller, Art Collector and Gallery Owner

The Age of the Cathedrals, by Georges Duby; Henri Cartier-Bresson: Photographer; Patrons and Painters, by Francis Haskell; Lectures on Russian Literature, by Vladimir Nabokov.

RICHARD BERENDZEN, President of American University

Lucy: The Beginnings of Human Evolution, by Donald C. Johnson and Maitland A. Edey; Asia, Tradition and Treasures, by A. Fairser Jr.; The Physicists, by C.P. Snow; How to Prosper During the Coming Bad Years, by Howard Ruff. "Its title alone sounds as if it were custom-written for a university president in 1981!"

DANIEL BOORSTIN, Librarian of Congress

The Concise Dictionary of Scientific Biography; The Physicists, by C.P. Snow; Lectures on Literature, by Vladimir Nabokov; Political Pilgrims: Travels of Western Intellectuals to the Soviet Union, 1928-1978, by Paul Hollander.

DAVID BRINKLEY, Correspondent for ABC News

Personal Impressions, by Isaiah Berlin; Spring Moon, by Bette Bao Lord; FDR: A Centenary Remembrance, by Joseph Alsop.

CHARLIE BYRD, Musician and Composer

The Hotel New Hampshire, by John Irving; The DNA Story, by James D. Watson and John Tooze; Noble House, by James Clavell.

ART BUCHWALD, Columnist and Humorist

Jane Brody's Nutrition Book, by Jane Brody. "My doctor is making me read Jane Brody's book."

Noble House, by James Clavell. "I read James Clavell's books for a year, so I don't have to read my friends' books."

Spring Moon, by Bette Bao Lord. "Spring Moon was written by a client of my wife."

JOSEPH A. CALIFANO Jr., Former Secretary of HEW

The Heart of a Woman, by Maya Angelou; The Complete Works of T.S. Eliot; Laid Back in Washington, by Art Buchwald.

JESSICA CATTO, President of the Washington Journalism Review

Midnight's Children, by Salman Rushdie. "Because it just beat out The White Hotel in Britain's most prestigious literary award (the Booker Prize), it must be quite a creation."

Among the Believers, by V.S. Naipaul. "Because the nature of Islam is at the center of the geopolitical gyre and my hold on the subject is slippery."

On Love, by Stendhal. "It sounds like the perfect perplex to charm the darkening evenings."

MARCUS CUNLIFFE, University Professor, George Washington University

Riddley Walker, by Russell Hoban; The Image of the Black in Western Art, edited by Jean Vercoutter; The Heresy of Self-Love, by Paul Zweig; Remembrance of Things Past, by Marcel Proust, translated by Terence Kilmartin.

PAUL DELISLE, Director of the Jockey Club Restaurant

The Buchwald Stops Here, by Art Buchwald; Churchill: Speaker of the Century, by James Humes; The Spike, by Arnaud de Borchgrave and Robert Moss.

ELIZABETH DREW, Journalist and Author

Jefferson and His Age: Vol. 6: The Sage of Monticello, by Dumas Malone; Life of Johnson, by James Boswell; Beethoven: Biography of a Genius, by George R. Marek. "Plus all the Faulkner I don't already have."

JAMES FALLOWS, Washington editor of The Atlantic

A Dance to the Music of Time, by Anthony Powell. "A whole set. I've lent mine out and lost them over the years."

All the Reinhart novels, by Thomas Berger. "I loved Crazy in Berlin and want to know what happens next."

The Thinking Reed by Rebecca West and The Pursuit of Love by Nancy Mitford. "My favorite novels about rich people."

Letters from Africa, by Isak Dinesen. "My wife's sister and her family live on the old Out of Africa estate. We've stayed there and seen the hills, valleys, people, etc., that Isak Dinesen describes."

HARDY R. FRANKLIN, Director of the D.C. Public Library

Treasures of the Library of Congress, by Charles A. Goodrum; Anna J. Cooper: A Voice From the South, by Louise A. Hutchinson; Encyclopedia of Black America, edited by W.A. Low.

STEPHEN GOODWIN, Novelist and Director of the Writing

Program, George Mason University

Green Thoughts, by Eleanor Per,enyi; The Geography of the Imagination, by Guy Davenport; The Country, by David Plante; A Great American Novel, author unknown. "The book I want most is the last one, and I'm not sure it exists."

DORIS GRUMBACH, Writer and Critic

"These are all expensive but beautiful and, to me, useful books, books I would not dare to spend money on myself but but that I might have the courage to ask for."

Printmaking in the Age of Rem brandt, by Clifford S. Ackley; Monumenta Britannica, by John Aubrey; Caprichos, Their Hidden Meanings: Etchings by Francisco Goya; The Ideal Book, by William Morris.

FRANK HARDEN, Of WMAL Radio's Harden and Weaver Team

Rabbit Is Rich, by John Updike; Noble House, by James Clavell; At Large, by Ellen Goodman; The Last Days of America, by Paul Erdman. "Would like to receive them as gifts because I'm too cheap to buy at retail and too anxious to wait for paperback."

PAMELA HARRIMAN, Hostess and Political Fund-Raiser

Spring Moon, by Bette Bao Lord; Defending the West, by Winston S. Churchill II; The Last Ambassador, by Bernard and Marvin Kalb; America's Competitive Edge, by Richard Bolling and John Bowles.

TIMOTHY S.

HEALY, S.J., President of Georgetown University

P. Vergili Maronis Opera, Hirtzel edition by the Oxford Univerity Press, circa 1911. "Reading Vergil in the original is the only way I have found to offset lengthening stints on the shuttle."

RICHARD HELMS, Former Director of the Central Intelligence Agency

God's Fifth Column, by William Gerhardie. "Also P.D. James' last book, Innocent Blood, was uncommonly literate and imaginaive. Her Adam Dalgliesh detective novels are tops in the genre."

HENDRIK HERTZBERG, Editor of The New Republic

"What I want for Christmas is the sort of thing that can be dipped into at odd moments for enlightenment, or, preferably, amusement."

A Dictionary of Euphemisms & Other Doubletalk, by Hugh Rawson; Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology, edited by C.T. Onions; The Butler's Guide, by Stanley Ager and Fiona St. Aubyn "which tells how to pack a suitcase, a skill I've always been meaning to get around to mastering"; What's What, edited by David Fisher and Reginald Bragonier, Jr. "It gives the name of every imaginable doohickey, whosis, and thingy."

LARRY L. KING, Author of "The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas"

Baja Oklahoma, by Dan Jenkins; Bismarck, by Edward Crankshaw; Warriors at Suez, by Donald Neff.

MAXINE KUMIN, Consultant in Poetry, Library of Congress

Letters from Africa, by Isak Dinesen; Angel of Light, by Joyce Carol Oates; A Man, by Oriana Fallaci; Love in Bloomsbury, by Frances Partridge.

"Dinesen for courage, Oates for truth, Fallaci for the informing anger and Partridge for nostalgia."

BETTE BAO LORD, Author of "Spring Moon"

A Fan's Notes, by Frederick Exley; The Killer Angels, by Michael Shaara; The Leopard, by Giuseppe di Lampedusa.

ROD MacLEISH, Novelist and Commentator

A Flag for Sunrise, by Robert Stone. "He is one of the best American novelists around; Dog Soldiers was wonderful."

Practicing History, by Barbara Tuchman. "She makes history accessible without trivializing it."

Auto-da-Fe by Elias Canetti. "Because I've never read Canetti, and I'm mystified by the Nobel committee."

STEVE MARDIKS, Student Government President, Georgetown University

God and Man at Yale, by William F. Buckley Jr.; The Second World War, by Winston S. Churchill; Jefferson and His Time: Vol. 6: The Sage of Monticello, by Dumas Malone; The Works of Oscar Wilde.

WALTER F. MONDALE, Former Vice President of the United States

Practicing History, by Barbara Tuchman.

ARTHUR COTTON MOORE, Architect and President, Arthur Cotton Moore Associates

From Bauhaus to Our House, by Tom Wolfe. "Judging by the excerpts, this contains some wonderfully impaling name calling, even though the book is more than 10 years behind the times."

KATHERINE PATERSON, Two-Time Newbery Prizewinner, most recently for "Jacob Have I Loved"

Prisons, by Mary Lee Settle. "Ever since this reprint came out last spring I keep giving away every copy I buy--a powerful novel about freedom."

Frontier Wolf, by Rosemary Sutcliff. "Sutcliff is probably the best writer of historical fiction for young people that I know."

Watch Out for the Foreign Guests! China Encounters the West, by Orville Schell. "I have just been to China and am eager to make sense of what I saw there."

CHARLES PETERS, Editor of The Washington Monthly

National Defense, by James Fallows. "Fallows' book in its perception of problems and possible solutions seeks to free itself from the blinders of conventional liberalism and conservatism."

One Third of a Nation: Lorena Hickok Reports the Great Depression, edited by Richard Lowitt and Maurine Beasley. "Lorena Hickok's reports to Harry Hopkins are a marvelous example of honest internal evaluation of the government."

S. SCHOENBAUM, Shakespeare Scholar and Professor of English, University of Maryland

Zuckerman Unbound, by Philip Roth. "I never got round to Roth's latest when it came out; he's given me much pleasure in the past."

Selected Letters of Raymond Chandler, edited by Frank MacShane. "I'm a Raymond Chandler buff--fascinated by the personality as well as admiring of the novels."

Remembrance of Things Past, by Marcel Proust, translated by Terence Kilmartin. "This is one madeleine I'd love to find on my Christmas platter."

The Great American Writers' Cookbook, edited by Dean Faulkner Wells. "Speaking of platters, a glance at The Great American Writers' Cookbook tells me it is fun."

ANNE TYLER, Author, most recently of the novel, "Morgan's Passing"

The Journeys of David Toback, as retold by Carole Malkin.; The Country, by David Plante; The Book of Ebenezer Le Page, by G.B. Edwards; How To Dress Your Man, by Charles Hix "because after 18 years, it's finally dawned on me that no one else is going to do it."

JOHN T. WALKER, Episcopal Bishop of Washington

The Gate of Heavenly Peace, by Jonathan Spence; Practicing History, by Barbara Tuchman; The Great Wall, by Luo Zewen, Dick Wilson, J.P. Drege and H. Delahaye; Bread Upon the Waters, by Irwin Shaw, "whom I always enjoy"; Christ: The Experience of Jesus, and Jesus: An Experience in Christology, both by E. Schillebeeckx.

CLINTON WILKINS, Principal of Sidwell Friends Upper School

The Mismeasure of Man, by Stephen Jay Gould. "It looks like a much needed reevaluation of intelligence, from a skilled writer and versatile scientist. There could be some practical applications, especially for those of us who teach as a profession."

Jefferson and His Times: Vol. 6: The Sage of Monticello, by Dumas Malone. "Two older men and their wisdom. I admire both of them, and I suspect that author and subject share similar world views."

Celebrations of Life, by Ren,e Dubos. "I look forward to an evening with this modern prophet who brings biology and theology together in a sober but optimistic manner."

Achieving a Sustainable Society, by Lester Brown.

JUDY WOODRUFF, White House correspondent, NBC News

The Zero-Sum Society, by Lester Thurow; The Foundations of Modern Political Thought, by Quentin Skinner; Infants and Mothers and Toddlers and Parents, by T. Berry Brazelton.

EDWIN M. YODER Jr., Columnist

The Price of Glory, To Lose a Battle, and A Savage War of Peace, all by Alistair Horne, "the magisterial military historian of our day."

FDR: A Centenary Remembrance, by Joseph Alsop. "I have read the advance galleys of Joe Alsop's intimate, penetrating and inspiring memoir of the 32nd president. It is the finest biographical writing I have read in years."

DUKE ZEIBERT, Restaurateur

The New James Beard 1,000 Recipe Cookbook. "I have yet to find a better recipe for Chopped Liver or Matzoh Ball Soup than mine."