The following is a selection from the many books reviewed in Book World this year, with the exception of those which appear on our list of Best Sellers of 1985: NOVELS

The Accidental Tourist, by Anne Tyler (Knopf, $16.95). A man whose wife has left him and whose son has died finds new connections -- with others and with himself.

The Call, by John Hersey (Knopf, $19.95). How China entered the 20th century, as seen through the eyes of an American missionary couple.

The Finishing School, by Gail Godwin (Viking, $16.95). A 40-year-old actress reminisces about her 14th summer.

Hotel du Lac and Family and Friends, by Anita Brookner (Pantheon, $13.95 each). Two fine novels in one year by an art historian whose great theme is the reconciliation of passion and common sense.

Nights at the Circus, by Angela Carter (Viking, $15.95). A book full of strong men and clowns, at the turn of the century.

Flaubert's Parrot, by Julian Barnes (Knopf, $13.95). A man of letters tries to learn which of two stuffed birds actually belonged to the author of Madame Bovary.

Small World, by David Lodge (Macmillan, $15.95). When not occupied with learned discourse, the academics in this rollicking book devote their time to seductions.

Slow Dancing, by Elizabeth Benedict (Knopf, $15.95). A young woman lawyer surprises herself by converting what seems just another affair into the real thing.

Money: A Suicide Note, by Martin Amis (Viking, $16.95). John Self is the cad-hero of this scabrous and caustic book.

Stars and Bars, by William Boyd (Morrow, $16.95). An Englishman's comic sojourn in New York and the Deep South.

A Short History of a Small Place, by T.R. Pearson (Simon and Schuster, $16.95). A kaleidoscopic and uproarious account of life in a North Carolina town.

The Old Gringo, by Carlos Fuentes (Farrar Straus and Giroux, $14.95). An imaginary end to the life of American writer Ambrose Bierce, who in 1913 went to Mexico and disappeared.

The House of the Spirits, by Isabel Allende (Knopf, $17.95). A political fantasy by a member of a very political Chilean family.

Lonesome Dove, by Larry McMurtry (Simon and Schuster, $18.95). A massive western with exceptionally fine characterization and plot.

Carpenter's Gothic, by William Gaddis (Viking/Elisabeth Sifton, $16.95). A shorter, more accessible novel by the sometimes intimidating author of JR.

The Lover, by Marguerite Duras (Pantheon, $11.95). A novel of memory set in French Indochina.

The Death of My Brother Abel, by Gregor von Rezzori (Elisabeth Sifton/Viking, $19.95). A Rumanian exile reflects on his life and loves during the time when Central European culture was crumbling.

American Falls, by John Calvin Batchelor (Norton, $16.95). An epic novel about espionage during the Civil War.

Mr. Palomar, by Italo Calvino (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, $12.95). Another cerebral riddle by the late author of Cosmicomics.

Adventures in the Alaskan Skin Trade, by John Hawkes (Simon and Schuster, $17.95). The sour-sweet relationship of a father and daughter, and more fine prose by a stylist.

The Tree of Life, by Hugh Nissenson (Harper & Row, $15.95). The fictional diary of a 19th-century farmer sorely tempted by drink and a woman.

Mexico Set, by Len Deighton (Knopf, $16.95). A spy must not only collect information but keep ahead of the espionage bureaucrats back home.

The Snowblind Moon: A Novel of the West, by John Byrne Cooke (Simon and Schuster, $18.95). The Sioux and the settlers live peacefully until disaster strikes.

Hard Money, by Michael M. Thomas (Viking, $17.95). An inside look at the rich and the scummy of Manhattan.

Pillar of the Sky, by Cecilia Holland (Knopf, $17.95). A fictional answer to the riddle of Stonehenge.

What's Bred in the Bone, by Robertson Davies (Viking, $17.95). The author of the Deptford Trilogy writes about the strange life of a Canadian painter-cum-scholar-cum art collector.

The Bone People, by Keri Hulme (Louisiana State Un the clash of cultures -- Maori and English-speaking -- in New Zealand.

The Vampire L'Estat, By Anne Rice (Knopf, $17.95). The further adventures of an immortal vampire.

Always Coming Home, by Ursula K. Le Guin (Harper & Row, $50). A dossier -- complete with cassette -- about the Kesh and their far-future, yet oddly primitive, world.

White Noise, by Don DeLillo (Viking, $16.95). The winner of the American Book Award depicts the effects of a toxic event upon a small college community.

The Laughter of Carthage, by Michael Moorcock (Random House, $17.95). A fantasy about a Russian native whose quest after the idyllic life takes him to New York, Washington and Los Angeles.

Foreign Land, by Jonathan Raban (Viking, $16.95). A retired colonial returns to an England he scarcely recognizes in this comic and moving novel by a notable travel writer. SHORT FICTION

Unlikely Stories, Mostly, by Alasdair Gray (Penguin paperback, $6.95). Literary counterparts to the worlds of Escher and Bosch.

The Old Forest and Other Stories, by Peter Taylor (Dial, $16.95). The latest collection by a master of short fiction.

Greasy Lake & Other Stories, by T. Coraghessan Boyle (Viking, $16.95). Tales of Elvis impersonation, teen-age violence, and a shiny new artifical moon.

The Bus of Dreams, by Mary Morris (Houghton Mifflin, $15.95). Stories by a writer interested in pent-up romantic longings.

The Stories of Muriel Spark (Dutton, $18.95). Tales of great variety that have the impact of gunshots in the night. GENERAL NONFICTION

None of the Above: Behind the Myth of Scholastic Aptitude, by David Owen (Houghton Mifflin, $16.95). A skeptical look at testing.

Pictures from the Water Trade: Adventures of a Westerner in Japan, by John David Morley (Atlantic Monthly Press, $16.95). In becoming a bar-fly, an Englishman pierces the veils of contemporary Japan.

Married People: Staying Together in the Age of Divorce, by Francine Klagsburn (Bantam, $18.95). A new look at an institution that still thrives in half of American households.

The New Our Bodies, Ourselves: A Book by and for Women, by the Boston Women's Health Collective (Touchstone/Simon and Schuster, paperback, $19.95). A revised version of the celebrated women's health guide.

On the Shores of the Mediterranean, by Eric Newby (Little, Brown, $19.95). A British traveler devoid of the customary class consciousness recounts his adventures.

Distant Neighbors: A Portrait of the Mexicans, by Alan Riding (Knopf, $18.95). A journalist's explanation of the seemingly precarious but surprisingly resilient Mexican system.

Cities & People: A Social and Architectural History, by Mark Girouard (Yale University Press, $29.95). The growth of cities. SCIENCE

The Survival of Charles Darwin: A Biography of a Man and an Idea, by Ronald Clark (Random House, $19.95). Viewed as the embodiment of evolutionary theory, Darwin becomes a survivor.

"Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman": Adventures of a Curious Character, by Richard P. Feynman as told to Ralph Leighton (Norton, $16.95). The memoirs of a Nobel-winning physicist with a most curious (in both senses of the word) mind.

The Flamingo's Smile: Reflections in Natural History, by Stephen Jay Gould (W.W. Norton. $17.95). Essays by a Harvard scientist whose passions include baseball and evolution.

In the Name of Eugenics, by Daniel J. Kevles (Knopf, $22.95). A history of the bogus science and the men who made empires of it. BIOGRAPHY AND AUTOBIOGRAPHY

Ivy: The Life of I. Compton-Burnett, by Hilary Spurling (Knopf, $22.95). A life of the English novelist who wrote epigrammatic dialogue for characters caught up in domestic tyranny.

The Seven Mountains of Thomas Merton, by Michael Mott (Houghton Mifflin, $24.95). The story of the monk who meditated and wrote best-sellers.

August Strindberg, by Olof Lagercrantz (Farrar Straus Giroux, $25.50). The great Swedish playwright is shown experimenting with jealousy and hatred in order to write more authentically about them.

Louise Bogan: A Portrait, by Elizabeth Frank (Knopf, $24.95). The life of a poet, whose creativity may have been truncated by her "perfectionist attitude."

A Vietcong Memoir, by Truong Nhu Tang (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, $17.95). A privileged young man turns revolutionary nationalist but ultimately loses his faith.

The Years of MacArthur, Volume III: Triumph and Disaster, 1945-1964, by D. Clayton James (Houghton Mifflin, $29.95). The concluding volume of the biography.

John Ruskin: The Early Years, 1819- 1859, by Tim Hilton (Yale University Press, $22.50). A half-life of the great Victorian art critic.

Giacometti: A Biography, by James Lord (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, $30). The life of the man who sculpted emaciated, elongated bronze figures that seem to capture 20th- century loneliness.

Handel, by Christopher Hogwood (Thames and Hudson, $19.95). The life of the composer of great choral fugues, oratorios to show them off, and recently revived operas.

Champion: Joe Louis, Black Hero in White America, by Chris Mead (Scribners, $18.95). In the 1930s a black boxer came into the world of boxing like a fresh breeze.

Henry James: A Life, by Leon Edel (Harper & Row, $24.95). An abridged and franker version of a masterly life of The Master.

The Envoy from the Mirror City, by Janet Frame (George Braziller, $14.95). The third volume of the New Zealand writer's autobiography, in which an ugly duckling becomes a literary success.

Heading Home, by Paul Tsongas (Knopf, $13.95). A U.S. senator discusses his cancer and his decision to leave government.

The Fringes of Power: 10 Downing Street Diaries, 1939-1945, by John Colville (Norton, $25). A close look at Winston Churchill through the eyes of his secretary.

FDR: A Biography, by Ted Morgan (Simon and Schuster, $22.95). From Hyde Park to Hot Springs. HISTORY

The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci, by Jonathan D. Spence (Elisabeth Sifton/Viking, $19.95). A Jesuit missionary's preoccupation with mnemonics shapes this portrait of 16th- century China. . .

The Heavens ad Companion to English Literature, edited by Margaret Drabble (Oxford, $35). The latest, improved editon of a classic reference book.

Darlinghissima: Letters to a Friend, by Janet Flanner, edited by Natalia Danesi Murray (Random House, $24.95). Letters by a journalist who knew everyone of consequence in art and letters during the first half of this century. POETRY

Collected Poems, by Allen Ginsberg (Harper & Row, $22.50). The inimitable poetry.

Station Island, by Seamus Heany (Farrar Straus Giroux, $11.95). The newest collection from Ireland's great poet.

The Past, by Galway Kinnell (Houghton Mifflin, $13.95; paperback, $5.95). Poems about private life and the things of this world by a Pulitzer Prize winner.

Selected Poems, by John Ashbery (Viking, $22.95). The best works by one of our best poets.

With Walker in Nicaragua and Other Early Poems, 1949-59, by Ernesto Cardenal (Wesleyan University Press, $17; paperback, $8.95). Poems rich in the love of language by a priest who is also a poet -- and Nicaragua's minister of culture.

Late Settings, by James Merrill (Atheneum, $12.95; paperback, $7.95). New poems by the author of The Changing Light at Sandover.

Facing Nature, by John Updike (Knopf, $13.95). Witty verse by America's most complete man of letters. MYSTERIES

Very Old Money, by Stanley Ellin (Arbor House, $16.95). An upwardly mobile young couple, Mike and Amy Lloyd, take the degrading step of entering service.

The Ghostway, by Tony Hillerman (Harper & Row, $13.95). A Navajo policeman travels to Los Angeles and back to the reservation in search of a murderer.

The Artful Egg, by James McClure (Pantheon, $13.95). A murder story that also comments knowingly on the South African political situation.

The Shortest Way to Hades, by Sarah Caudwell (Scribners, $12.95). Murder among allusion-dropping barristers and dons. Flood, by Andrew H. Vachss (Donald I. Fine, $17.95). A private eye searches New York for a child-murderer.

An Unkindness of Ravens, by Ruth Rendell (Pantheon, $15.95). Feminism and Freud power the latest mystery in the Inspector Wexford series.

Private Screening, by Richard North Patterson (Villard, $16.95). An ambitious young attorney gets mixed up with assassination, kidnaping, and a wilderness showdown.

Upon Some Midnights Clear, by K.C. Constantine (Godine, $15.95). Seventh in the series of police procedurals written with special attention to characterization and atmosphere. CHILDREN'S BOOKS

Tales Mummies Tell, by Patricia Lauber (Crowell, $11.95; ages 10-up). How paleontologists and other scientists unravel humankind's mysterious past.

Boy: Tales of Childhood, by Roald Dahl (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, $10.95; ages 9-up). Anecdotes and highlights from the life of a top writer of children's books.

Badger on the Barge, by Janni Howker (Greenwillow, $10.25). Five inventive stories, each about an encounter between a young person and an old one.

The Runner, by Cynthia Voigt (Atheneum, $11.95; ages 14-up). A young adult novel about a tragically heroic high-school athlete.

Julie's Daughter, by Colby Rodowsky (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, $11.95). A young adult novel written in sophisticated and subtle prose.

Jackaroo, by Cynthia Voigt (Atheneum, $14.95). A romantic novel about a girl who disguises herself as a legendary avenger.

The People Could Fly, by Virginia Hamilton (Knopf, $12.95). A major collection of Afro-American folktales.

Whiskers & Rhymes, by Arnold Lobel (Greenwillow, $13). New nursery rhymes by a bedtime bard and illustrator.

Young Adults, by Daniel M. Pinkwater (Tor, $5.95). A serio-comic philosophical novel about Mozart, Dada, Zen and the meaning of art. SCIENCE FICTION AND FANTASY

Stars in My Pocket Like Grains of Sand, by Samuel R. Delany (Bantam, $16.95). Computers, information and sex.

Helliconia Winter, by Brian Aldiss (Atheneum, $17.95). A faraway culture is on the verge of committing ecological suicide.

Tik-Tok, by John Sladek (DAW, $2.95). An imperturbable robot's adventures.

Eon, by Greg Bear (Bluejay Books, $16.95). An epic about a hollowed-out asteroid and its bizarre contents.

Mythago Wood, by Robert Holdstock (Arbor House, $14.95). This winner of the World Fantasy Award depicts a mysterious forest.

Free Live Free, by Gene Wolfe (Tor, $16.95). The search for old Ben Free becomes a quest for meaning to life in this novel by the author of The Book of the New Sun.

Winterking, by Paul Hazel (Atlantic Monthly Press, $18.95). The conclusion of the Finnbranch trilogy describes the coming of winter to a world reminiscent of our own. BYLINES

The following books, written by members of The Washington Post staff, were published in 1985.

he Chip: How Two Americans Invented the Microchip and Launched a Revolution, by T.R. Reid (Simon and Schuster, $15.95). Who says Yankee ingenuity is dead?

The Life Insurance Game, by Ronald Kessler (Holt Rinehart and Winston, $16.95). A muckraking inquiry into the value, if any, of life insurance.

At Any Cost: Corporate Greed, Women and the Dalkon Shield, by Morton Mintz (Pantheon, $17.95). A massively researched inquiry into the A.H. Robins Company and the Dalkon Shield litigation.

Best Restaurants: Washington, D.C. and Environs, by Phyllis C. Richman (101 Productions/Scribner, $4.95). The third edition, featuring the "best of the best."

Jim Yenckel's Great Getaway Guide, by James T. Yenckel (Andrik, $6.95). An encyclopedic guide to vacations in the mid-Atlantic states.