FICTION

Frieze , by Cecile Pineda (Penguin, $6.95). It is the 10th century. In central Java, workers are creating the temple Borobudur. The massive structure will require 80 years and the labor of thousands of men to complete. Among the skilled artisans is Gopal, an Indian sculptor forced to work on the temple. In this first-person narrative, Gopal tells of his life, his work carving images from the life of Buddha, his love for the wife of his heart and the wife of his household, and the final punishment that befalls him, preventing him from carving forever.

Anywhere But Here , by Mona Simpson (Vintage, $6.95). One of the brightest first-novel success stories of 1986, Anywhere But Here is the sad, funny, bewitching tale of a mother and daughter in search of the American dream. Ann and her silly, greedy mother Adele drive "from Bay City, Wisconsin, to California, so that {as Ann puts it} I could be a child star while I was still a child." Ann's account of their failures and successes in Beverly Hills, none of it anything like what they had anticipated, is interspersed with flashbacks to their Wisconsin life and narratives by Adele's sister and mother, setting up a tension between Midwest and West, rootlessness and stability, which gives the whole novel its shape and point.

Sorrell and Son , by Warwick Deeping (Penguin, $5.95). Currently playing on Masterpiece Theatre, Sorrell and Son is a quintessentially English novel -- all suppressed sentiment, class distinction and hymn to duty, both social and filial -- which was a best seller in the 1920s, but later dropped from view. Captain Sorrell, officer and gentleman, finds himself fallen on hard times after the war. His wife deserts him and the only work he can find is a menial job in a sleazy rural hotel. His sole passion and purpose in life is the care of his young son Kit. As Sorrell gradually does better for himself, Kit receives a gentleman's education and goes on to study medicine at Cambridge. But when his mother tries to insinuate herself back into his life things become complicated.

Sister Kate , by Jean Bedford (Penguin, $5.95) Square in the middle of the Australian national myth of anti-authoritarian mateship stand the historic figures of the Kelly Gang. Led by the enigmatic Ned Kelly, these 19th-century bushrangers, or rural outlaws, were elevated by their clashes with cruel and stupid policemen and judges to the status of popular heroes. In prose as laconic as a primitivist oil-sketch Australian novelist Jean Bedford recreates the Kelly legend through the eyes of their sister Kate, who grew up to see her brothers hunted down like dogs and her lover's charred body propped up for newspaper photographs.

NONFICTION

Cycles of Fire: Stars, Galaxies and the Wonder of Deep Space,

by William K. Hartman, with paintings by William K. Hartman, Ron Miller, Pamela Lee and Tom Miller (Workman, $14.95). What would the sky look like, seen from a planet with more than one sun? What would happen to a planet whose small sun became too cool to warm the planet's surface? What sorts of lifeforms might evolve on other planets, in response to different conditions there? Astronomer William Hartman has tried to imagine these strange and wondrous happenings; because he is a painter, we too can see what that sky, that planet and those lifeforms might be like. This book on begins with a geography of the universe, explains how stars begin and end, how planets are formed, the nature of the galaxy and the big bang theory. There are more than 100 paintings and illustrations of the principles discussed.

Between the Woods and the Water , by Patrick Leigh Fermor (Penguin, $6.95). In 1933 18-year-old Leigh Fermor set out to cross Europe alone and on foot from the Hook of Holland to Constantinople. A Time of Gifts, his award-winning book published in 1978, recorded the first part of the journey, ending on a bridge over the Danube between Slovakia and Hungary. This sequel, anticipating yet another some time in the future, takes him on through Hungary and Transylvania to a point south of the Danube but still far short of his goal. "The next decade," remarks Fermor, "swept away this remote, country-dwelling world;" and he reflects on his good luck in being able to catch these long glimpses of it, so richly and expansively evoked here. Both books are already modern travel classics as well as unusual and valuable historical records of pre-war Europe.

Iron and Silk , by Mark Salzman (Vintage, $5.95). At the age of 13, Mark Salzman saw the television show Kung Fu and fell in love with China. He studied the martial arts, Chinese painting and calligraphy and majored in Chinese literature at Yale. After attending college, he taught at a Chinese medical college for two years. This is an account of his stay in China, his apprenticeship to a martial arts master and his work teaching.

The Passion of Ayn Rand , by Barbara Branden (Anchor/Doubleday, $12.95). "Few figures in this century have been so admired and so savagely attacked," writes the author, and no wonder. When she died her coffin bore a dollar-sign six feet long. Her big books -- The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged -- embraced a philosophy of militant capitalism and unabashed atheism. Yet she sold in the millions -- in the beginning by word-of-mouth -- and her books are still read over and over again for inspiration and guidance by fanatical readers. This biography, by her closest friend and the wife of a former lover, tells the story of a lonely woman who achieved tremendous popular success despite ridicule by establishment intellectuals.

The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud -- Volume II, The Tender Passion , by Peter Gay (Oxford University Press, $10.95). This is the second installment of the monumental history of how human emotions affected the culture of the European and American middle-classes. The work will eventually stretch to six volumes. The first volume, Education of the Senses, examined Victorian love and sexuality. This installment, using letters, journals, biographies and novels, concentrates on Victorian notions of love. Gay argues that the Victorians, contrary to modern myth, knew all about sensual love and regarded true love as the "conjunction of concupiscence with affection." The author, professor of history at Yale, describes his work as "history informed by psychoanalysis."

The Invisible Universe , by George B. Field and Eric J. Chaisson (Vintage, $14.95). With illustrations derived from signals transmitted by satellites or picked up by radio-telescopes and a text written by two leading American astrophysicists, this is the latest word on what we know about the solar system, outer space and the origin of the universe. Most fascinating of all is the authors' appendix, a preview of coming hardware attractions -- that is, the new satellites, probes, and experiments that will launch a quantum leap in our astronomical knowledge. One such item will be a solar probe, which will provide heretofore unavailable insights into our own star by flying into it.

Brothers in Arms: A Journey From War to Peace , by William Broyles Jr.(Avon, $4.50). The author commanded a Marine platoon during the Vietnam War. In 1984 he returned to Vietnam, visiting Hanoi and Saigon (by then renamed Ho Chi Minh City) and Da Nang, the scene of his war experience. His vividly written report of the trip is often poignant -- what, after all, was the meaning of so many lost lives? -- and sometimes hopeful: our erstwhile enemies yearn for our friendship and dislike the Russians. But mostly he tries to lay the ghosts of what forever will be a searing experience.

Underdevelopment Is a State of Mind: The Latin American Case , by Lawrence E. Harrison (Madison, $9.95). The author, after 20 years' experience in Central and South America, has no patience with the notion that Yankee imperialism is at the root of Latin American poverty. Instead, he takes on a sensitive subject, traditional Hispanic culture, and blames it for imposing anti-democratic and anti-entrepreneurial values in Latin America. His provocative thesis is argued here at length. The goal, he says, is to make policymakers understand the critical ties between culture and progress.

POETRY

Arthur Hugh Clough: Selected Poems , edited by Shirley Chew (Carcanet, $9.50). No one could beat the Victorians at inspirational verse: "Say not, the struggle nought availeth/ The labour and the wounds are vain,/ The enemy faints not, nor faileth,/ And as things have been they remain." The author of these lines, Arthur Hugh Clough, like his contemporary Walter Bagehot, might be better known if people knew how to pronounce his name. As it is, he is a delightful poet, of considerable variety. "The Latest Decalogue" rewrites the Ten Commandments as they were actually practiced by Victorian capitalists ("Thou shalt have one God only; who/ Would be at the expense of two?"). And then there's his long narrative poem, "Amours de Voyage," which recounts the intrigues of some British tourists in Italy; the witty result is something like Henry James in verse or Vikram Seth's recent narrative poem The Golden Gate. As usual with Carcanet paperbacks, this is an exceptionally handsome book, clearly printed and well designed.

The Oxford Book of Short Poems , chosen by P.J. Kavanagh and James Michie (Oxford University Press, $8.95). By short poems the editors mean of fewer than 14 lines, hence avoiding the sonnet briarpatch. As it is, here are more than 650 poems; virtually all of them readable, many immortal, and none requiring a readerly commitment of more than 10 seconds. Unlike most anthologies, which use the same out-moded maps to the territory of verse, there are a great many lesser known figures here -- Fanshaw, Sherburne, Wigstone, Bourdillon. This last, for instance, composed the beautiful lyric "The night has a thousand eyes." More than half the choices are from the 20th century, with the Roberts Frost and Graves being especially well represented.