I don't believe that the House Ethics Committee can truly understand the Korean investigation unless they read a book entitled, "Korean Patterns," by Dr. Paul Shields Crane, distributed in this country by the University of Washington Press.

Dr. Crane has spent most of his life in Korea and wrote the book as a guide for Americans and other foreigners who are not acquainted with the customs of this Far Eastern ally.

The chapter that is relevant to the Koreans scandal is called, "The Problem of Gifts."

It begins, "Koreans are among the most gracious and generous people one will meet. They are thoughtful and considerate, and try by every means to establish personal relationships before they conduct any business . . . the giving and receiving of gifts are considered the normal operating commission for services rendered. In this context, every gift-giver expects something in return."

Dr. Crane says Koreans are very friendly and have the ability to work their way into the affections of foreigners which, at some later date, might prove embarrassing. "Many Koreans" he writes "expects to use their friendships and connections for personal advantage and see nothing amiss in this approach as long as they are the main recipients of the favors. "The only time a Korean becomes truly angry is when another Korean gives a foreigners a better gift than he does. Then he becomes critical of the foreigners "who has been so stupid as to allow himself to be taken in by a group of thieves."

The part of Dr. Crane's chapter that should be studied by the House Ethics Committee has to do with the manner in which Korean gifts are dispensed.

For example, it is a Korean custom after a death in the family, to present the grieving relative with a white envelope stuffed with cash.

It seems to me that, since the main thrust of the investigation in the House has to do with congressmen accepting white envelopes of cash from the Koreans. Leon Jaworski should investigate to find out how many U.S. legislators had deaths in their families at the time they accepted the money from the Korean CIA.

This is what could have happened. A Korean agent, on instructions from his government, could have met a congressman in the halls of the capitol and said, as he handed him the white envelope. "I'm sorry your mother died."

"My mother didn't die," the congressman might have replied, giving him back the envelope.

"Well, has anyone in your family died recently."

"I had a second cousin in Canoga Park who died a month ago."

The Korean agent would hand back the envelope. "Then please accept this with President Park's personal condolences."

"I wasn't too close to my second cousin."

"If you were, the envelope would be twice as full."

"I'm not saying this happened, but it's worth looking into, if any congressman or aide accepted a white envelope at the time there was a death in the family. I believe he should be given immunity from prosecution.

For the bereaved to refuse condolences in the form of a sealed white envelope is the worst insult you can inflict on a South Korean, and cold not only make him lose face but destroy an endearing friendship forever.