The Philippines - Young Soviet grandmaster Anatoly Karpov emerged from three months of hiding yesterday to celebrate his last-minute save of the world chess title while his bitterly disappointed opponent complained of psychological trickery.
Karpov, 27, his eyes ringed from exhaustion after the longest championship contest in chess history, shrugged off the charges from defeated challenger Victor Korchnoi and declared at a press conference his interest in playing the man who may still be the world's ultimate chess master - eccentric American Bobby Fischer.
Korchnoi, a Russian defector whose remarkable comeback from a 5-to-2 deficit fell just short in the 32nd and final game of the match, vowed he would meet Karpov again in the scheduled championships three years from now.
In a statement read to reporters, Korchnoi complained of "intolerable conditions," referring to a distracting series of controversies over a Soviet psychologist and two American meditation experts.
"Although Mr. Karpov has retained his paper title, I hope the world will appreciate the moral depts to which his supporters have lowered themselves to maintain his supremacy," said the 47-year-old grandmaster, who now lives in Switzerland. He blamed the Philippine organizers of the match for harassing him over two American members of the Indian-based Ananda Marga sect, free on bail after being convicted of attempted murder, who helped him prepare for the games.
Karpov, who will receive about $400,000 in prize money, said the presidence of the two meditation experts in bright-colored flowing robes had bothered him. "I feel the presence of people in the auditorium. If persons are in the category of terrorists one wouldn't feel fine," he said, speaking through an interpreter.
"From the beginning, Mr. Korchnoi was trying to intensify the situation . . . in 1974 during a championship qualifying match against Karpov he charged that the Soviet authorities hindered him from winning . . . Here he charged the Philippine authorities kept him from winning," said Karpov.
Korchnoi's second. English grandmaster Raymond Keene, complained to reporters at this mountain resort about a last minute meeting called by the Soviets protest the presence of the Ananda Marga members. The Soviets had threatened to pull Karpov out of the match with the score at 5.5. [WORD ILLEGIBLE] are needed for victory.
Keene had to spend hours at the meeting and then rush the two meditation specialists into a car heading out of town all of which he said. unpset Korchnoi's routine just before the 32nd game began Tuesday.
When play adjourned the hours later, Tuesday night, Korchnoi had fallen into time trouble, made several [WORD ILLEGIBLE] moves and put himself in such a hopeless position that he resigned the game and the match at noon yesterday (midnight Tuesday EDT) without returning to the chess-board.
Korchnoi aides said the challenger plans to boycott closing ceremonics and head to Manila today, although he will pocket perhaps $240,000 as his loser's share. Karpov and his [WORD ILLEGIBLE] delegation plan to stay here for the closing ceremonies scheduled for Friday or Saturday, when Philippine first lady Imelda Marcos may make an appearance. Both palyers are scheduled to play soon at the Ohess Olympiad in Buenos Aires, where Karpov will play on the Soviet team and Korchnoi will compete for Switzerland.
Karpov, dressed in his usual blue suit with wide-flared trousers, looked even slimmer than usual as he sat on the convention center stage where he scored his triumph over Korchnoi. He said he had lost about seven pounds off his 115-pound frame during the 93-day match. This was less than the 11 pounds he lost the last time he played Korchnoi in 1944. Karpov in that match scored three wins to Korchnoi's two and won by just one point.
The Soviet delegation leader here, rotund lawyer Victor Baturinsky, has kept Karmov entirely cut off from the press and the public these last three months, while Korchnoi often he'd court in the Pines Hotel coffee shop. But Karpov seems almost overexposed compared to Fischer, the former world champion, who has retreated deep into seclusion in Pasadena, Calif. since he won the world championship in 1972 and then refused to defend it three years later.
The chief match organizer here. Florencio Campomanes has known Fischer since he was an usung junior player in New York. He said he has met several times with Fischer and with Karpov to try to set up the match that failed to come off in 1975. When Fischer gave Karpov the title by default in a dispute over rules.
Even with Fischer's own ecratic personality, it would be hard for any Fischer-Karpov match to outdo the fireworks that went on here these last 14 weeks. The soviets hated Korchnoi for defecting. Korchnoi hated the Soviets for slighting him in a favor of Karpov before his defection and for refusing his wife and child exit visas. They aruged over the size of their chairs, the flavor of Karpov's yogurt and the color of Korchnoi's flag. Korchnoi once threatened to remove Karpov's psychologist. Vladimir Zourkhar from the palying hall with my fist if he did not move out of sight Korchnoi accused the psychologist of trying to hypnotize or other wise distract him with an eerie, bug-eyed stare.
Karpov defended Zoukhar yesterday saying "He helped me overcome nervous pressure which had built up." He did not expalin his two weeks of indifferent play that allowed Korchnoi to win three or the last programes before the elimactic 32nd and find contest. Korchnoi made more mistakes than in 1974. I myself did also . . . I'm happy with the welcome of the match, but I'm not happy with the score 6-5. It should have been different . . . but from the start up to the very last game I was sure of my final victory," Karpov said.
He declined to say what he planned to do with his winnings. As for playing Fisher, he said "it would be an interseting match and I would hope to win." Under International Chess Federation rules, however, it could not be for the actual championship, since Fischer refuses to play the long series of qualifying matches required by an official challenger.
It was Fischer whose capture of the title in 1972 turned chess into a big money sport and it was Campomanes who helped put together the huge purse here, but Korchnoi attacked the Philippine organizer even more vehemently than he did the Soviets. "The organizers did everything in their power to slander me, to destroy the harmony within my camp, to break my nerves." Korchnoi said "Mr. Campomanes . . . has flaunted and twisted the match rules with a raid-blooded callousness which I still find unbelievable."
The matches were poorly attended, what with 21 draws that consumed much of th time. But citizens of Baguio kept score and were stunned and saddened when underdog Korchnoi's momentum failed to carry him through to victory.
"I lost 50 besos ($7) and a case of beer," said one cab driver yesterday, with a deep sigh.
Washington Post correspondent Jay Mathews contributed to this article from Hong Kong.