A quick glossary of fencing terms:
Saber: The old cavalry weapon, with the entire upper body as the target.
Foil: Traditional rapier, still used as the practice weapon for all three weapons. Women fence foil almost exclusively in competition; besides being the lightest of the three weapons, it has the most limited target area (the torso, front and back only). A "gentleman's sword."
En garde: Or, in the vernacular, "On Guard." Anyone who has watched old swashbuckling movies on TV knows this one. It does not mean merely, "Put up your dukes," however; it is the formal "ready" position prior to beginning any fencing action, with legs alightly apart, knees bent and feet at right angles. A real killer if you're out of shape.
Lunge: The actual attack, with extended arm, at the end of which is supposed to be your opponent -- hit. Another muscle-stretcher.
Touche (too-shay): French for "touch," or "hit." Spoken by the fencer who has received the hit against him/her, as acknowledgement (as in "Touche!"), or by the director who is watching to decide whose touch it was.
Salle: The place (literally, room) where the art of fencing takes place. Also the name of the school of fencing, as in "Salle Santelli."
Epee (ay-pay): Modern version of the dueling sword, in which all areas of the body are a valid target. You have to be fairly strong to handle this one. Still has a blood groove running the length of the blade.