ALPINE -- Downhill skiing on wider skis with metal edges, boots locked into metal bindings. Term sometimes used to refer to a mountain's wide-open spaces as opposed to its narrow trails. NORDIC -- Also "cross-country" or "ski touring," done on a flat or along mountain trails on skinny skis attached only at the toe of a shoe-like boot, and using longer poles. A close cousin to hiking and jogging. NOR-PINE -- Alpine skiing on nordic skis with steel edges. SNOWPLOW -- or "wedge," a V-shape formed with knees bent, sliding both skis outward at the tails, the tips nearly meeting in front, using the inner ski edges for a grip. The most basic (intentional) stopping method in all types of downhill skiing. Easily translated into snowplow turns by transfering weight to the ski pointed in the direction you aim to turn. STEM-TURN -- A downhill maneuver, stepping into a wedge and weighting the downhill ski to turn, slowing speed.

Christie -- refers to any type of turn, but particularly a two-step. A more advanced alternative to a stem turn, not quite up to a smooth parallel. TELEMARK -- Turning technique done on steel-edged cross-country skis with the shorter, downhill poles, now gaining recognition as nor-pine equipment. To turn left: slide the right ski out in a snowplow or stem while lunging down on the left knee, keeping both skis weighted, skis more or less together, arms and eyes up. Rise and traverse the fall line (the hill's line of descent) before lunging into a right turn: Through the magic of physics, you're zigzagging down the slope. Tough to explain, tougher to execute.