Both the George Polk Awards, given by Long Island University, and the American Society of Newspaper Editors announced the winners Saturday of their awards for journalism.

ASNE named four winners of its 1985 Distinguished Writing Awards. They are Richard Aregood of the Philadelphia Daily News, for editorial writing; Jonathan Bor of the Syracuse Post-Standard, for deadline writing; Murray Kempton of Newsday, Long Island, N.Y., for commentary, and Greta Tilley of the Greensboro (N.C.) News and Record, for nondeadline writing.

Each will receive a $1,000 cash prize from the ASNE Foundation at the society's annual convention in April in Washington.

Tilley is the society's first repeat winner in the seven years the awards have been given. She also received the nondeadline award in 1983.

ASNE said its awards "recognize superior contributions to newspaper writing, rather than the content or substance of the material." The winning entries will be featured in "Best Newspaper Writing 1985," published by the Poynter Institute for Media Studies in St. Petersburg, Fla.

Mark Fineman of The Philadelphia Inquirer and Robert Parry of the Associated Press have won George Polk awards for foreign and national reporting, respectively.

Parry, who revealed the existence of CIA manuals counseling Nicaraguan rebels on the use of assassination, and Fineman, who covered recent upheavals in India, were among 17 reporters and photographers cited in 11 categories for journalistic achievement during 1984.

A career award also was made to broadcaster Walter "Red" Barber "for his 55 years as the embodiment of literacy and honesty in sports journalism."

A special award was made to Amnesty International for "Amnesty International Report," its annual volume cataloguing violations of human rights around the world.

Other awards:

Local reporting -- Ellen Whitford of The Virginian-Pilot of Norfolk, Va., for stories that "led to the closing of a Norfolk clinic for performing abortions on women who were not pregnant."

Medical reporting -- William R. Ritz and John Aloysius Farrell of the Denver Post, for a series of stories on defective anesthesia machines.

Environmental reporting -- Tom Harris and Jim Morris of the Sacramento (Calif.) Bee, for their series on "federal military installations as the nation's largest and least regulated environmental polluters."

Special-interest reporting -- Lois R. Ember of Chemical & Engineering News, for an article detailing "the shoddy scientific research behind U.S. allegations of Soviet germ warfare."

Magazine reporting -- John Vinocur of The New York Times, for "Republic of Fear: 30 Years of General Stroessner's Paraguay," appearing in the Times' Sunday magazine.

News photography -- Ozier Muhammad of Newsday, "for his compelling photo of a malnourished child undergoing his weekly weigh-in at the Korem relief camp in Ethiopia."

Foreign television reporting -- Michael Buerk of the British Broadcasting Co. and Mohammed Amin of VisNews, for giving the world "its first look at an Ethiopian relief camp."

National television reporting -- Alex Kotlowitz, Kwame Holman and Susan Ades of the MacNeil-Lehrer NewsHour, for "Abortion Clinic Violence," a report broadcast in June on confrontational strategies espoused by the Pro-Life Action League and that "anticipated by some months the true extent of such anti-abortion tactics."

Local television reporting -- Rick Nelson and Joe Collum of KPRC-TV, Houston, for "Stolen Dreams," an investigative series on a home improvements scam by a construction company and financing firm.

The awards were established by Long Island University in 1949 to honor CBS correspondent George Polk, killed the year before while covering the Greek civil war.

Barber, 77, will speak at the awards presentation at the Hotel Roosevelt on April 3.