Three Los Angeles doctors were accused yesterday by the Medical Board of California of over-prescribing addictive drugs to actress Elizabeth Taylor. The doctors named in the board's recent complaint are Michael S. Gottlieb, an immunologist who is credited with diagnosing the nation's first AIDS cases, Michael J. Roth and William F. Skinner.

According to Deputy Attorney General Earl Plowman, Taylor's doctors during a five-year period in the mid-'80s ordered for her more than 1,000 prescriptions for 28 controlled substances -- including sleeping pills, painkillers and tranquilizers.

An attorney for Gottlieb said the investigation into the alleged improprieties had less to do with the accused doctors than with the notoriety associated with Taylor.

"Of all the people under the supervision of these three doctors, Elizabeth Taylor is the only patient who has been allegedly mistreated," said Harland Braun, Gottlieb's lawyer. "Think about this in terms of a celebrity issue. ... {The prosecutors} are using Elizabeth Taylor's notoriety to bring attention to the notion that they are doing a good job, which they aren't."

A publicist representing Taylor said the 58-year-old actress wanted to distance herself from the complaint and emphasized that the charges were an undertaking of the state medical board and not Taylor's own.

Walk-On Candidates

Four D.C. mayoral candidates are scheduled to make last-minute appearances Monday night at the Hard Rock Cafe, where a ceremony will kick off the "Walk in the Park" to fight AIDS. John Ray, Charlene Drew Jarvis, David Clarke and Betty Ann Kane have said they will drop by on the eve of the primary elections to encourage people to sign up for the Sept. 23 walk, which will benefit the Whitman-Walker Clinic.

Magazine Belt-Tightening

Continuing tremors at the National Geographic Society: Five months after Editor Wilbur Garrett was ousted, there was word this week that the organization would combine its special-publication division with its book services and that two of the society's magazines, Traveler and the children's publication World, would share a staff. To the 206 employees affected by the reorganization, the company is offering an early-retirement package. Vice President Robert Breeden was reported to have told staffers that it wasn't their fault, but that "the market had changed."

As if more proof were needed that these are hard times for magazines, the acclaimed New England Monthly will cease publication this month, its editors announced. Editor Richard Todd told the magazine's 30 employees Thursday that the September issue would be the last, in the face of $5 million in debts. "It's been a tough year for everyone in the magazine business," Todd said. "For us, it proved fatal."

White House Arts Honorees

Actress Jessica Tandy and her husband, actor Hume Cronyn, will be awarded the National Medal of Arts next week, along with 11 other people and a corporation, the White House said yesterday. Also slated to pick up awards from President Bush at a luncheon on Monday are blues guitarist B.B. King, opera singer Beverly Sills, painter Jasper Johns and choreographer Merce Cunningham, actor and director George Francis Abbott, Washington arts patron David Lloyd Kreeger, painter Jacob Lawrence, Houston arts patrons Harris and Carroll Masterson, landscape architect Ian McHarg and Southwestern Bell Corp.

Sakharov Estate

The American will of Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov left an estate in this country worth between $50,000 and $100,000, according to court papers released yesterday in New York. The 1975 winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, who died last December at age 68, had interests in several literary and scientific archives in Manhattan, as well as publishing contracts with large publishing houses. The assets will be added to an existing trust fund to benefit Sakharov's widow, Yelena Bonner, and other relatives.

Barbara Bush's Message

First Lady Barbara Bush made a personal appeal to Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein in an interview with Knight-Ridder Newspapers Thursday, asking him to free the hostages. She asked Saddam to "let your 'guests' go and then let's talk about this." Asked how she would feel if she had a child serving in the armed forces in the Persian Gulf, she answered, "I'd be sick with worry. ... But I would also feel very proud."