Beauty queen Donya Monique Rose is not smiling. She's not even pretending to smile. Rose, Miss District of Columbia 1989, is suing the local and national Miss America organizations for $1 million.

In a suit filed Friday in federal court here, Rose alleges that the local organizers of last year's pageant, Patrisha Young and Richard Runkle, failed to pay her the scholarship money and merchandise they promised with the title, failed to provide room and board and living expenses for her, and failed to book public appearances.

"The whole time they've asked me to be patient and understand the situation," said Rose yesterday. "I guess I was a little idealistic and hopeful that they would come through when my reign was up."

Rose, 23, gave up her crown in June. Because Young and Runkle still owe $200,000 to creditors and were not allowed to participate, and because no other organizers stepped forward, no local competition was held this year.

The suit names the national organization as a defendant in the case because the local organizers were authorized representatives and received a franchise and rights from Miss America Organization Inc.

Leonard Horn, chairman of the national organization, was out of town and unavailable for comment. Repeated attempts to reach Young and Runkle, who are both named in the suit, were unsuccessful.

Rose, competing as Miss Northwest, was crowned Miss D.C. in June 1989. It was the first local pageant run by Young and Runkle, who obtained the franchise from the national organization in the fall of 1988. Rose said that as winner of the Miss D.C. title she was promised a $5,000 scholarship, diamond jewelry, a fur coat, a videocassette recorder and a camera.

The four-day pageant was plagued by financial problems up to the final evening: A television broadcast was canceled at the last minute because the organizers could not pay for the remote truck needed and Runkle was signing promissory notes to union technical workers backstage minutes before the ceremony.

Lawyers for Rose said there are still three or four suits from creditors pending against Young and Runkle in the District's Superior Court.

In a telephone interview yesterday, Rose said she quit her full-time job as a management trainee at First National Bank of Maryland two weeks after she won the title. She said she left at the request of Young and Runkle because they said the duties of Miss District of Columbia demanded her "full time and attention." Although they did not name an exact dollar amount, Rose said they promised that she would earn an income comparable to her salary at the bank.

"They initially said I would have both non-paid and paid appearances," Rose said. "They said they would make sure my calendar was packed."

While preparing for the national pageant in Atlantic City, Rose moved into Young's home. During training, the organizers provided Rose with evening gowns, swimsuits and clothing for the competition. Rose paid expenses associated with the talent portion of the pageant, for which she was promised reimbursement.

Rose competed in the 1989 Miss America Pageant in Atlantic City but did not place in the top 10 finalists. When she returned to Washington, she said, Young and a board member of the local pageant spoke with her.

"They sat me down and said, 'Well, what do you plan on doing?' " she said. "I was stunned because I had the understanding that even if things {such as bookings for paid appearances} didn't go well, they would take care of me."

Rose said Young told her she could no longer stay in her home and that they were no longer responsible for her expenses. Rose said she moved out three days later and spent the next year living in "six or seven" places with friends. She worked as a salesclerk in Georgetown until June, when she moved to New York; she is now pursuing a marketing career.

From last September to June, Rose said she called Young weekly and was told that "they were working on things." Rose made about 20 speeches at schools for which she received no appearance fee. She had one paid engagement during her yearlong reign as Miss D.C.: $500 for a radio commercial she recorded earlier this year.

Her last conversation with the organizers was in May. Defendants in the case have 20 days to respond to the complaint. Rose's attorneys have asked for a jury trial.