BOSTON, OCT. 2 -- The controversy that has roiled the New Hampshire campus of Dartmouth College since a right-wing student publication printed a statement by Adolf Hitler on a Jewish holy day led to the resignation of the paper's president today.
C. Tyler White, president of the Dartmouth Review and a sophomore at the college, said in a letter of resignation to the publication's board that the Review's official response, calling it a prank or sabotage, did not address the main issue.
"It does not emphasize our sorrow in this dreadful act of malice, nor does it claim responsibility for letting it reach newsprint," White wrote. "I cannot allow the Review to ruin my life any further. It has been tearing my family and personal lives apart, and now is taking a heavy toll on my Dartmouth life."
The furor over the antisemitic passage from Hitler also spurred students to plan a mass rally for Thursday against the ethnic venom displayed by the Review, an off-campus weekly with no formal ties to the school. Organizers said the latest outrage by the Review had the effect of galvanizing students to support diversity and racial solidarity.
"By our massive presence on the Green, we want to make clear that the Dartmouth Review in no way represents the views of Dartmouth," said Brian Ellner, 20, the Student Assembly president. "We have no ties to them or their message, which is often hateful," Ellner said in a telephone interview.
The Review, which has repeatedly angered women, blacks, Indians and homosexuals since its founding a decade ago, offended Jewish readers last Friday by printing an excerpt from Hitler's "Mein Kampf" on the eve of Yom Kippur.
In the place where the Review usually prints its credo -- a statement from Theodore Roosevelt -- the latest issue carried Hitler's words instead, saying in part: "By warding off the Jews, I am fighting for the Lord's work."
Kevin Pritchett, the Review's 21-year-old editor in chief, said the editors attempted to pull back the misprinted copies of the Review and then distributed a statement promising to find and punish the prankster.
Several students said they were frustrated that the Hitler incident would only add to the Review's notoriety and contribute to the national image of Dartmouth as a backwater of right-wing thought.
Ellner said it was wrong to see the Review as an outlet for student high jinks and said more scrutiny should be aimed at the prominent conservatives who subsidize the Review and reward many of its writers with plum jobs in conservative circles after graduation.
"No doubt the only reason students are doing this is they are encouraged to do it by a very small segment of the alumni and the likes of William F. Buckley," Ellner said, noting that Buckley is not a Dartmouth graduate. Buckley, the editor of the National Review, did not return a reporter's telephone call.
Amanda Roth, president of Hillel, the student Jewish organization on the Dartmouth campus, said she was "absolutely appalled" by the Review's publication of Hitler's words, especially because it appeared on the eve of Yom Kippur.
But she also said she has been "thrilled" by the college's response to the incident. "The mobilization is absolutely terrific. It's just very comforting, to see that the campus absolutely will not tolerate antisemitism," said Roth, 19, an art history major.
Alex Huppe, a spokesman for Dartmouth President James O. Freedman, said the school was not considering any change in its policy of defending the Review's right to publish while reserving its own right to criticize and even condemn the results.
Huppe also said that "no one on campus believes it was an accident" and said Freedman would join students at the Thursday rally.
The Review's editors, he said, are "conducting this elaborate witch hunt to find a scapegoat, but they're going to have to look in the mirror."
The incident has spilled over into a congressional race in neighboring Massachusetts, where Rep. Chester Atkins (D) called on his Republican challenger, state Rep. John MacGovern, to disavow his ties to the Dartmouth Review.
MacGovern, who helped raise money to found the Review during his senior year at Dartmouth, issued a statement condemning the incident as "a hateful, ignorant thing" but defending the Review overall.