Twenty-five American movies, as old as "The Great Train Robbery" of 1903 and as recent as "Raging Bull" of 1980, were named yesterday to the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress as outstanding films worthy of historic preservation.

The list was announced by James H. Billington, the librarian of Congress, under terms of a 1988 statute that established the registry to honor 25 films a year deemed "culturally, historically or aesthetically significant."

This year's selections join the first 25 films chosen last year for the registry. Listed alphabetically, the 1990 choices are:

"All About Eve," made in 1950 by director Joseph L. Mankiewicz; "All Quiet on the Western Front," 1930, directed by Lewis Milestone; "Bringing Up Baby," 1938, produced and directed by Howard Hawks; "Dodsworth," 1936, directed by William Wyler; "Duck Soup," the Marx Brothers classic made in 1933; Walt Disney's "Fantasia," made in 1940.

Harold Lloyd's "The Freshman," made in 1925; Francis Coppola's "The Godfather," 1972; Edwin S. Porter's "The Great Train Robbery," a 12-minute classic made in 1903; "Harlan County, U.S.A.," 1977, directed by Barbara Kopple; John Ford's "How Green Was My Valley," 1941; Frank Capra's "It's a Wonderful Life," 1946.

Charles Burnett's "Killer of Sheep," 1977; "Love Me Tonight," produced and directed by Rouben Mamoulian, 1932; "Meshes of the Afternoon," an 18-minute film directed by Maya Deren in 1943; "Ninotchka," a 1939 Greta Garbo film directed by Ernst Lubitsch; "Primary," a Time Inc. film made in 1960.

"Raging Bull," directed by Martin Scorsese, 1980; "Rebel Without a Cause," the James Dean movie of 1955; "Red River," made by Howard Hawks, 1948; "The River," a 32-minute Farm Security Administration film made in 1937; "Sullivan's Travels," a Preston Sturges film made in 1941.

"Top Hat," a 1935 musical starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers; "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre," directed by John Huston, 1948; and "A Woman Under the Influence," directed by John Cassavetes, 1974.