When German troops entered Paris during World War II, French Premier Paul Reynaud wanted to fight on, but many of his generals and cabinet officers believed theirs was a lost cause. Reynaud resigned and the new French government signed a truce with the Nazis a week after the fall of Paris. Under the terms of the armistice, Germany occupied the northern two-thirds of France and a strip along the western coast. The town of Vichy became the capital of unoccupied France, which largely cooperated with the enemy. Two years later, Germany took over all of France. Excerpts from The Post of June 14, 1940:

By the Associated Press

The German army is "inside the gates of Paris," Ambassador William C. Bullitt informed the State Department early today.

"The city was quiet," Bullitt's message said. He telephoned Ambassador Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, United States envoy to the Polish government now at Tours, France. Biddle relayed the message to Washington.

Bullitt, who has remained at his post in Paris, sent the notification at 7 p.m. Paris time, but it was nearly 1 a.m. Eastern standard time before Biddle got word to the State Department.

Bullitt gave no indication of what he meant by "inside the gates."

`Call to the World'

By the Associated Press

Tours, France, June 13 --

Premier Paul Reynaud made a "final" appeal tonight to President Roosevelt for "clouds" of aircraft and challenged Americans to "declare themselves against Nazi Germany."

"We know what a high place ideals hold in the life of the great American people," he said in a broadcast to his country while the German invaders struck down on both sides of Paris.

"Will they hesitate yet to declare themselves against Nazi Germany?"

In announcing his second plea to Mr. Roosevelt for aid -- the first, asking all aid short of an expeditionary force having been made public today -- the premier declared:

"It is necessary that clouds of airplanes come from across the Atlantic to crush the evil power that has descended over Europe.`

[President Roosevelt received press and radio reports of the appeal and White House Secretary Stephen T. Early authorized this statement:

["The text of Premier Reynaud's statement has not yet been received here. But everything possible is being done to forward supplies to to France."

[Beyond this statement, there was no comment.

[It appeared to indicate, however, that Mr. Roosevelt feels the United States has gone to the aid of the Allies as far as it can under the circumstances. ...]

"We wait with hope in our hearts," Reynaud said. ...

"France's soul is not broken. The world must know it. Every free man must know that France's army, the vanguard of liberty, has sacrificed herself."

He explained that his final appeal to the United States was for "all legal aid."

"It is France's life which is at stake," the premier went on.

"The fighting is getting more painful, but we have the right to hope that the day will approach when our cause will prevail.

"The day will come and must come."

This series is available at www.washingtonpost.com