Humphrey Bogart and his "African Queen" co-star Katharine Hepburn led the American Film Institute's list tonight of the 50 greatest screen legends, a lineup missing many of the biggest stars of silent films and musicals.
The roster was unveiled during a three-hour special on CBS.
Cary Grant was No. 2 on the list of greatest male actors, followed by James Stewart, Marlon Brando, Fred Astaire, Henry Fonda, Clark Gable, James Cagney, Spencer Tracy and Charlie Chaplin. Only four--Brando, Gregory Peck, Kirk Douglas and Sidney Poitier--are still alive.
Following Hepburn among female legends were Bette Davis, Audrey Hepburn, Ingrid Bergman, Greta Garbo, Marilyn Monroe, Elizabeth Taylor, Judy Garland, Marlene Dietrich and Joan Crawford. There are five living female legends--Taylor, Hepburn, Lauren Bacall, Shirley Temple and Sophia Loren.
"For a guy who didn't think of acting as a competitive sport, he would have been honored and awestruck by this," Bogart's son Stephen said. Stephen Bogart's mother is Bacall, who was No. 20 among the actresses.
"I'm shocked and I'm flattered beyond words," she said by telephone from Italy. "My God! I would never have expected it. But I'm not surprised that Bogie's number one." She added: "Gee, this makes me feel a hell of a lot more important than I am. I'm going to call my agent right now."
Those who didn't make the top 50 greatest stars included Douglas Fairbanks, Ronald Colman, Rudolph Valentino, Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy, Harold Lloyd, Alec Guinness, Mickey Rooney, Fredric March, Doris Day, Loretta Young, Olivia de Havilland, Bob Hope, Will Rogers, Lon Chaney, Boris Karloff, Bela Lugosi, Clara Bow, Gloria Swanson and Tom Mix.
AFI defined "American screen legend" as an actor with a significant presence in movies whose debut occurred before 1951 or whose debut occurred after 1950 but produced a significant body of work.
That allowed the inclusion of James Dean (No. 18) and Grace Kelly (No. 13).
Ballots were sent to more than 1,800 people in the film industry--both behind and in front of the camera--critics, writers, cultural leaders, President Clinton and Vice President Gore. It wasn't known whether Clinton and Gore voted.