Excerpts from "the first rough draft of history" as reported in The Washington Post on this date in the 20th century.

The Balkans were as volatile at the beginning of the century as they are at the end. The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary in Bosnia by a Serbian terrorist was the spark that ignited World War I. One month after the murder, Austria-Hungary -- which controlled Bosnia -- declared war on Serbia, its long-time Balkan enemy. Then, in a tangle of alliances, the rest of Europe was soon drawn in. An excerpt from The Post of June 29, 1914:

Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his morganatic wife, the Duchess of Hohenberg, were assassinated today while driving through the streets of Sarayevo, the Bosnian capital. A youthful Servian student fired the shots which added another to the long list of tragedies that has darkened the reign of Emperor Francis Joseph.

The archduke and his wife were victims of the second attempt in the same day against their lives. First, a bomb was thrown at the automobile in which they were driving to the town hall.

Forewarned, however, of a possible attempt against his life, the archduke was watchful, and struck the missile aside with his arm. It fell under an automobile, which carried members of his suite, wounding Count von Boos-Waldeck and Col. Merizzo.

On their return from the town hall, the archduke and the duchess were driving to the hospital, when the Servian, Gavrio Prinzip, darted at the car and fired a volley at the occupants. His aim was true, for the archduke and his wife were mortally wounded. With them at the time was the governor of the city, who escaped injury. The bodies of his murdered companions collapsed across him and protected him from stray bullets.

The governor shouted to the chauffeur to rush to the palace at top speed. Physicians were in prompt attendance, but their services were useless, as the archduke and his wife were dead before the palace was reached.

Until the emperor's wishes are known the bodies will lie in state at the palace here. They will doubtless be interred in the Hapsburg vaults in the Capuchin Church at Vienna.

In Sarayevo there is mourning everywhere, with black-draped flags and streamers on all public buildings. The president has sent a message to the emperor, expressing the grief and horror of the whole population at the ruthless crime, and assuring his majesty of the people's unalterable devotion to the ruling house.

Throughout the day weeping women were to be seen in groups, while great crowds surrounded the spots where the bomb exploded and where the fatal shots were fired. The bomb was filled with nails and lead filings, and the explosion was violent. The iron shutters on many shops were pierced by flying fragments and iron railings were shattered. About a score of persons were injured, several of them being women and children.

The murders occurred with such rapidity that many persons near the scene did not even hear the shots. The street is very narrow, and the assassin was able to fire at close range.

Anti-Servian demonstrations began tonight. The crowds knelt in the streets and sang the national anthem. The mayor of Sarayevo issued a proclamation to the residents of the city denouncing the crime and declaring that by the confessions of the assassins it was shown beyond all doubt that the bomb thrown at the archduke's car came from Belgrade.

It is said that after the attempt with the bomb near the Girls' High School the duchess tried to dissuade the archduke from venturing in the motor car again. To allay her fears M. Potiorek, governor of Bosnia, said:

"It's all over now. We have not more than one murderer in Sarayevo," whereupon the archduke decided to go on.

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