Excerpts from "the first rough draft of history" as reported in
The Washington Post on this date in the 20th century.
The Korean War was the first war in which the United Nations played a major role. After World War II, under U.N. supervision, the Russians occupied the territory north of the 38th parallel, and the United States occupied the south. Korea was declared no longer within the U.S. defense perimeter in 1949, and the last American troops were withdrawn. Invading North Korean troops crossed the 38th parallel on June 25, 1950, and despite repeated warnings from the U.N., they continued attacking deeper into South Korea, causing American troops to be rushed in. The war lasted until North Korea reached an agreement with the U.N. on July 27, 1953. No formal truce has ever been signed between North and South Korea. An excerpt from The Post of July 4, 1950:
By John G. Norris
Marine Corps amphibious troops and additional Air Force Superforts and Navy task forces are being moved to the Korean war front.
A Navy spokesman announced that Leathernecks of the First Marine Division at Camp Pendleton, Calif., and its supporting air wing at El Toro, Calif., are sailing by fast transport for the Far East.
While there was no official word of the size of the force, it was believed that a reinforced regimental landing team and several squadrons of fighters and attack planes are involved. Officials said they should be available for MacArthur's use in about 16 days.
Almost simultaneously, the Air Force disclosed that "several" additional B-29 Superfort bomber units of the Strategic Air Command are flying to Far East bases. They will be from the 92d Bomb Wing at Spokane, Wash., and the 22d Wing at March Field, Calif.
While the Air Force did not say how many planes are being sent, it is believed that about 60 will go -- tripling the four-engine-bomber strength operating against the North Korean Communists. . . .
There were also hints that the major units of the Seventh Fleet -- particularly the carrier Valley Forge and its 90 warplanes -- would soon take a more active role in the campaign. ...
What disposition will be made of the Marines when they arrive in the Far East will be up to General MacArthur. They could be sent directly to Korea on the converted destroyer-type transports they will embark in and move by rail to the front; they might be held in Japan as replacement for Army troops already committed, or they could be called upon to perform their specialty and open a beachhead in territory held by the Communists. . . .
If at all possible, the American high command wants a reasonably quick victory in Korea, without involving too many Army troops. Originally it was hoped that air power, aided by a naval blockade, could choke off the Communist supply lines and not require large American ground forces.