Two former presidents, Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter, are among 10 prominent Americans who will receive the nation's highest civilian honor, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the White House said yesterday.
Ford will be recognized for "his honesty and integrity" and his efforts to restore confidence in government after the Watergate scandal led to Richard M. Nixon's resignation, a tribute from the White House said.
Ford and seven others will get their awards Wednesday at the White House.
Carter will be recognized for brokering the Camp David peace accords, signing the Panama Canal treaty and reestablishing normal diplomatic relations with China. He will be honored Monday at a ceremony in Atlanta at the Carter Center. His wife, Rosalynn, with whom he works on low-income-housing issues and other humanitarian causes, will receive her own medal.
Other recipients are:
* Lloyd Bentsen, Clinton's first treasury secretary, who served 22 years in the Senate and six years in the House. He was the Democratic Party's vice presidential nominee in 1988.
* Edgar M. Bronfman Sr., president of the World Jewish Congress. He has "worked to ensure basic rights for Jews around the world and to fight anti-Semitism and has spearheaded the effort to retrieve the assets of Holocaust victims and their families," according to the White House tribute.
* Evy Dubrow, for more than 50 years an advocate of laws to improve domestic labor conditions. "She has been influential in numerous causes, including broadening laws against discrimination and protecting American industry from unfair foreign competition," the tribute said.
* Sister M. Isolina Ferre, founder of community service centers, clinics and programs to empower the poor in Puerto Rico, New York and Appalachia. She gained international recognition in the late 1950s and 1960s for her mediation efforts with youth gangs in Brooklyn.
* Oliver White Hill, civil rights lawyer. He is best known for litigating one of the school desegregation cases that became the landmark Brown v. Board of Education case.
* Max Kampelman, lawyer, diplomat and negotiator in Democratic and Republican administrations. "In those roles, he emphasized human rights in East-West diplomacy and prepared the foundation for long-term arms reductions between the United States and the Soviet Union," the tribute said.
* Edgar Wayburn, five-time president, and a member of the board of directors, of the Sierra Club for almost 40 years.