Excerpts from "the first rough draft of history" as reported in The Washington Post on this date in the 20th century.
The dogs of war were unleashed in 1937 when Hitler declared the Axis Alliance and the Japanese pressed their brutal invasion of China into Shanghai. But that did not crowd out the news that the Duke and Duchess of Kent had publicly snubbed the Duke and Duchess of Windsor (the former Edward VIII and Wallace Simpson) while vacationing a few miles from them in Vienna. An excerpt from The Post of Sept. 8, 1937:
Fresh regiments of veteran Japanese regular army troops smashed China's defense line at the northern edge of the Yangtzepoo area of the International Settlement today and carried the 28-day-old Shanghai battle into open country.
Chinese admitted their line had been broken by the 48-hour Japanese attack, in which Nipponese infantrymen fought with the bayonet behind a curtain of artillery shells and aerial bombs.
[Japanese took over for military purposes the American Seventh Day Adventist mission property in Yangtzepoo, according to the Associated Press. The headquarters of the world conference of the church in Washington reported missionaries already had evacuated their property in Shanghai, as well as medical institutions in Hongkew and other outlying areas.
[The Japanese army warned that neither Christian churches, Chinese temples, hospitals nor schools would be spared from demolition if the Chinese continued to use them for troop concentrations.
[As the fighting brought fresh menace to the boundaries of the International Settlement, all American and British members of the Shanghai volunteer corps were ordered to return to active duty.] ...
There were continuous explosions of large-caliber artillery shells as Chinese and Japanese batteries engaged in a deafening duel.
The Chinese said 800 Japanese troops were in the column which smashed through their line in Yangtzepoo.
Rear Admiral Kiyoshi Hasegawa, commanding the Japanese Third Battle Fleet, again sent his blue-jackets ashore to support more than 70,000 infantrymen which the Japanese army commander, Lieut. Gen. Iwane Matsui, has thrown into the offensive.
The Chinese still held the vital area along their chief line of communications, the Shanghai-Nanking Railway, and claimed successes on other fronts.
Serious uprisings have broken out in the Japanese-controlled State of Manchukuo, which has a Chinese population of nearly 30,000,000, according to Chinese military dispatches from Kweihua today. ...
Chinese military dispatches asserted that the situation in Manchukuo now is so serious that the commander of the Japanese army there has been forced to send an urgent appeal to Tokyo for immediate reinforcements.
The reports from the north, including announcements that Japanese columns along the Peiping-Suiyuan railway northwest of Peiping have invaded Shansi Province, where fighting is taking place, threatened to eclipse developments on the Shanghai front.
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