Excerpts from "the first rough draft of history" as reported in
The Washington Post on this date in the 20th century.
The ban on Jewish children in German public schools was just one of the laws passed by the Nazis at their 1935 convention in Nuremberg. Another, passed a week later, stripped Jews of their citizenship and forbade them to marry or have sexual relations with non-Jews. The stories on the top right side of the day's paper deal with the aftermath of Huey Long's assassination. The powerful senator from Louisiana, known as "Kingfish" for the pervasive control he exercised over his state, had died the day before. An excerpt from The Post of Sept. 11, 1935:
By the Associated Press
Berlin, Sept. 10 --
Nazis "purged" their public schools today by ordering Jewish children to getout. Bernard Rust, Prussia's commissioner for culture and education, chose the opening of the Nazi Party convention at Nuremberg to announce that Jewish school children between the age of 6 and 14 must leave by next Easter.
Separate public schools which the Jewish children must attend will be opened on that date. The decree ordering the preparations said all pure German schools must be free "from Jewish and foreign influences."
Rust emphasized that previous attempts to segregate the Jews solely on the basis of church affiliation had not proved successful and said whether a Jew is a member of a synagogue or not he will be classified as Jewish.
This decree, said an official commentary, is taken "with the full accord of the Nazi racial policy office (of which Dr. Alfred Rosenberg, leader of the Nazi pagan faith movement, is chief) and signifies a further advance in racial laws.
"New Germany gives notice that Germany in no wise intends to give up the fundamental basis of its race policy, as some foreign papers profess to believe."
Rust said his decree was "carrying out an old national socialistic demand."
As early as 1933, the year of Hitler's advent to power, higher schools saw the separation of Aryans and non-Aryans. The decree made clear that race, not religion, will be the determining factor in the segregation. Children who have only one Jewish grandparent, or so-called "quarter Jews," will be allowed to remain in the regular public schools.