Mel Torme was revered as a singer's singer for his beautiful phrasing and interpretation of lyrics. The average Joe knew him as well, for "The Christmas Song," which begins, "Chestnuts roasting on an open fire . . ."

Stanley Kubrick, with screen successes of "Dr. Strangelove," "Lolita" and "2001: A Space Odyssey," gave us "Eyes Wide Shut," which opened 12 years after "Full Metal Jacket" and four months after his death.

Yehudi Menuhin astounded generations of classical fans with his violin technique. Mario Puzo created the unforgettable Corleone family, and Donald Mills sang with the Mills Brothers--an early financial success among black musicians.

They are among notables in the arts and entertainment world who died in 1999. Others are:


Iron Eyes Cody, about 90. Longtime actor and "Crying Indian" in 1970s TV commercials, whose tear-stained face became the symbol of an anti-litter campaign. Jan. 4.

William H. Whyte, 81. Wrote "The Organization Man," a bestseller in which he warned against corporate conformity. Jan. 12.

Betty Lou Gerson, 84. Voice of villainess Cruella De Vil in Disney's animated "101 Dalmatians." Jan. 12.

Frances Godowsky, 92. The sister of George and Ira Gershwin, she tried out songs for her brothers before becoming a respected painter. Jan. 18.

Susan Strasberg, 60. Actress and daughter of acting coach Lee Strasberg; played Anne Frank on Broadway. Jan. 21.

Charles Brown, 76. California blues pianist, singer and composer whose "cool blues" style influenced artists such as Ray Charles. Jan. 21.

Robert Shaw, 82. Leader of the Robert Shaw Chorale and Atlanta Symphony and Chorus. Jan. 25.

Sarah Delany, 109. Sister of Bessie and co-author of "Having Our Say: The Delany Sisters' First 100 Years," a best-selling memoir on growing up black in the pre-civil rights era. Jan. 25.

Lili St. Cyr, 80. Premier stripteaser in later years of burlesque. Jan. 29.

Huntz Hall, 78. Star of more than 100 "Bowery Boys" and "Dead End Kids" films in the 1930s-'50s. Jan. 30.


Paul Mellon, 91. Used inherited fortune to set up Cape Hatteras (N.C.) National Seashore and support the National Gallery of Art and other American museums. Feb. 1.

Gwen Guthrie, 42. R&B singer and songwriter whose 1986 "Ain't Nothin' Goin' On but the Rent" popularized the phrase "no romance without finance." Feb. 3.

Dame Iris Murdoch, 79. Modern British novelist admired for such works as "A Severed Head" and "The Black Prince." Feb. 8.

Buddy Wayne Knox, 54. Rockabilly singer who led the charts with "Party Doll" in the 1950s. Feb. 14.

Gene Siskel, 53. Film critic shared thumbs-up, thumbs-down reviews and banter with Roger Ebert on their TV show. Feb. 20.

Jose Quintero, 74. Tony-winning director whose productions of Eugene O'Neill plays including "Long Day's Journey Into Night" renewed interest in the American playwright. Feb. 26.

John L. Goldwater, 83. Creator of the comic book characters Archie, the red-haired, average teenager, and his friends Jughead, Betty and Veronica. Feb. 26.


Dusty Springfield, 59. Husky-voiced soul singer of '60s hits such as "Son of a Preacher Man" and "Wishin' and Hopin'." March 2.

Richard Kiley, 76. Baritone who won a Tony as Broadway's original "Man of La Mancha." March 5.

Stanley Kubrick, 70. Visionary cinema craftsman whose films such as "Dr. Strangelove" and "A Clockwork Orange" often reflected life's despairs. March 7.

Peggy Cass, 74. Won a 1957 Tony as secretary in "Auntie Mame"; reprised the role on film, and was a regular on TV quiz show "To Tell the Truth." March 8.

Yehudi Menuhin, 82. His youthful virtuosity as a violinist grew into one of the great musical talents of the century. March 12.

Garson Kanin, 86. Prolific playwright who created the classic "Born Yesterday" for stage and screen. March 13.

Leon "Lee" Falk, 87. Creator of comic strips "Mandrake the Magician" and "The Phantom." March 13.

Kirk Alyn, 88. Film's first Superman, in 1948. March 14.

Harry Callahan, 86. His photos of the ordinary made him one of the most influential photographers of the century. March 15.

Eric Stanton, 72. Drew pinup icon Bettie Page and lived to see his once-taboo erotica as a coffee-table book. March 17.

David Strickland, 29. Played a comically insecure music critic on NBC sitcom "Suddenly Susan." March 23.

Joseph "Mighty Joe" Young, 71. Guitarist who helped introduce blues to mainstream America. March 24.

Freaky Tah, 27. Of hip-hop group Lost Boyz, known for hits such as "Me and My Crazy World." March 28.

Brock Speer, 78. Patriarch of gospel music's Speer Family and sometime backup singer for Chet Atkins and Elvis Presley. March 29.

Joe Williams, 80. Grammy winner who sang with every great jazz artist of last half-century. March 29.


Jesse Stone, 97. Wrote "Shake, Rattle and Roll"; helped develop many hits for Atlantic Records. April 1.

Lionel Bart, 68. British lyricist and composer and creator of "Oliver!" April 3.

Lucille Lortel, 98. "Queen of off-Broadway" who brought innovative actors, playwrights and productions to the stage. April 4.

Red Norvo, 91. Credited with introducing xylophone to jazz; performed with such greats as Charles Mingus and Frank Sinatra. April 6.

Anthony Newley, 67. British entertainer known for stage hit "Stop the World--I Want to Get Off" and 1967 film version of children's classic "Doctor Dolittle." April 14.

David McCall, 71. Ad executive who created "Schoolhouse Rock," Emmy award-winning 1970s educational cartoon. April 18. With wife, Penny, 57, in car crash while helping refugees in Albania.

Senor Wences, 103. Master ventriloquist known to TV audiences for comic Spanish accent and his puppet-in-a-box Pedro ("S'OK?" "S'awright!"). April 20.

Charles "Buddy" Rogers, 94. Star of 1927 movie "Wings," the first to win Best Picture Oscar; widower of screen legend Mary Pickford. April 21.

Al Hirt, 76. "King of the Trumpet" in the 1960s who won a Grammy for his hit "Java." April 27.

Rory Calhoun, 76. Hero of western movies of the '40s and '50s, and starred in "The Texan" TV series. April 28.


Oliver Reed, 61. British actor who played fearsome Bill Sikes in the 1968 musical "Oliver!" May 2.

Sir Dirk Bogarde, 78. British star of more than 70 films, achieving his greatest fame in "Death in Venice." May 8.

Dana Plato, 34. Child actress on popular TV series "Diff'rent Strokes." May 8.

Shel Silverstein, 66. Author and illustrator of children's books such as "A Light in the Attic" and "Where the Sidewalk Ends." May 10.

Saul Steinberg, 84. Creator of hundreds of drawings for the New Yorker, including one of how the world looks to New Yorkers. May 12.

Meg Greenfield, 68. Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist who ran the editorial page at The Washington Post for 20 years. May 13.

Owen Hart, 34. Pro wrestling's "Blue Blazer." May 23, of injuries in a fall during a stunt.


Mel Torme, 73. Singer of jazz and pop known as "the Velvet Fog" for his warm vocals; co-writer of "The Christmas Song." June 5.

DeForest Kelley, 79. Crusty Dr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy on "Star Trek" who told fellow space travelers, "I'm just a country doctor!" June 11.

Clifton Fadiman, 95. Radio host of "Information Please"; shaped America's reading habits as senior judge for the Book-of-the-Month Club. June 20.

Allan Carr, 62. Produced "Grease" the movie and won a 1984 Tony award for producing "La Cage aux Folles" on Broadway. June 29.


Edward Dmytryk, 90. Directed films such as "The Caine Mutiny" and went to prison as member of the Hollywood Ten during 1940s anti-Communist hysteria. July 1.

Sylvia Sidney, 88. Waiflike star of the 1930s nominated in 1973 for comeback role in "Summer Wishes, Winter Dreams." July 1.

Mario Puzo, 78. Romanticized the Mafia as the fiercely loyal Corleone family in "The Godfather" novel and subsequent Oscar-winning screenplays from it. July 2.

Roberta Sherwood, 86. Torch singer known for "Up a Lazy River" and "You're Nobody 'Til Somebody Loves You." July 5.

Stan Durwood, 78. Credited with creating the multiplex theater. July 14.

Gina Berriault, 73. Long-struggling author who won a National Book Critics Circle award for her 1996 story collection "Women in Their Beds." July 15.

Patricia Zipprodt, 74. Tony-winning costume designer for "Cabaret" and other shows. July 17.

Sandra Gould, 73. Nosy neighbor Gladys Kravitz on TV's "Bewitched." July 20.

Martin Agronsky, 84. Broadcast commentator who created the "talking heads" TV-news format and longtime host of "Agronsky & Company." July 25.

Marguerite Cullman, 94. Helped finance original Broadway productions of "Oklahoma!," "South Pacific," "Death of a Salesman" and "A Streetcar Named Desire." July 25.

Harry Edison, 83. Jazz trumpeter and onetime soloist with the Count Basie Orchestra, known as "Sweets" for pleasing tone. July 27.

Anita Carter, 66. Featured performer with country music's legendary Carter Sisters. July 29.


Willie Morris, 64. Former editor of Harper's magazine and one of Mississippi's most treasured writers of Delta stories from his childhood. Aug. 2.

Victor Mature, 86. Handsome, brawny movie star of the 1940s and '50s who played Samson in "Samson and Delilah" and Doc Holliday in John Ford's "My Darling Clementine." Aug. 4.

Brion James, 54, the murderous Leon in "Blade Runner." Aug. 7.

Bob Herbert, 57. British promoter who created the Spice Girls through trade magazine ads. Aug. 9.

Jennifer Paterson, 71. One of the "Two Fat Ladies" on the British TV cooking show who joyfully salted recipes with political incorrectness. Aug. 10.

Frederick Hart, 56. Washington sculptor best known for the "Creation Sculptures" at the National Cathedral and the "Three Soldiers" bronze statue at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Aug. 13.

Leo Castelli, 91. Influential art dealer who fostered careers of Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns, among others. Aug. 22.

Norman Wexler, 73. Oscar-nominated screenwriter and playwright who looked at the grittier side of life in "Joe," "Saturday Night Fever" and "Serpico." Aug. 23.


Allen Funt, 84. TV prankster-host of "Candid Camera." Sept. 5.

Katie Webster, 63. Blues singer known as "The Swamp Boogie Queen" for her piano style. Sept. 5.

Ruth Roman, 75. actress who starred opposite Kirk Douglas, Gary Cooper and Errol Flynn in screen dramas and survived a real-life drama: the 1956 sinking of the Andrea Doria. Sept. 9.

Charles Crichton, 89. Director of "The Lavender Hill Mob" and other British comedies in the 1940s and 1950s--and "A Fish Called Wanda" a decade ago. Sept. 14.

Harry Crane, 85. Co-creator of the TV sitcom "The Honeymooners" and writer for Red Skelton, the Marx Brothers, Bing Crosby and others. Sept. 14.

George C. Scott, 71. Actor whose eagle profile and gravel-voiced air brought new life to Gen. George S. Patton and earned an Oscar he refused to accept. Sept. 22.

Ivan Goff, 89. Co-creator of the TV series "Charlie's Angels" and co-writer of films such as "Man of a Thousand Faces." Sept. 23.


Martin S. Davis, 72. Reshaped Gulf & Western conglomerate into Paramount Communications, a publishing and entertainment powerhouse. Oct. 4.

Robert "Gorilla Monsoon" Marella, 62. Rotund pro wrestler turned TV announcer and World Wrestling Federation president. Oct. 6.

Morris West, 83. Australian best-selling writer whose works include "Children of the Sun" and "Shoes of the Fisherman." Oct. 9.

Milt Jackson, 76. Jazz vibraphonist and longtime member of the Modern Jazz Quartet. Oct. 9.

George Forrest, 84. With Robert Wright wrote "Stranger in Paradise" and "Baubles, Bangles and Beads" from the Tony-award winning musical "Kismet." Oct. 10.

Josef Locke, 82. Irish singer whose romantic voice and colorful life inspired 1992 film "Hear My Song." Oct. 15.

Jean Shepherd, 78. Raconteur often compared to Mark Twain for his style on radio and in the film "A Christmas Story." Oct. 16.

Ella Mae Morse, 75. Her classic 1942 recording "Cow Cow Boogie" sold a million copies and was a precursor to rock-and-roll. Oct. 16.

Abraham Polonsky, 88. Director and screenwriter who worked under pseudonyms after being blacklisted in McCarthy-era Hollywood. Oct. 26.

Frank DeVol, 88. Wrote scores for more than 50 films and received Oscar nominations for "Hush . . . Hush, Sweet Charlotte," "Pillow Talk" and "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner." Oct. 27.


Mary Kay Bergman, 38. Actress whose voice was heard in "Mulan" and as the mothers of "South Park" characters Stan, Cartman and Kenny. Nov. 11.

Donald Mills, 84. Last of the singing Mills Brothers. Nov. 13.

Jay Moloney, 35. Onetime "boy wonder" talent agent who represented Hollywood celebrities such as Leonardo DiCaprio and Steven Spielberg. Nov. 16.

Doug Sahm, 58. Led rock band the Sir Douglas Quintet and Grammy-winning Texas Tornados. Nov. 18.

Paul Bowles, 88. American author and composer best known for "The Sheltering Sky" and other novels set in North Africa. Nov. 18.

Horst P. Horst, 93. Photographer of the famous, including Harry Truman, Marlene Dietrich and Maria Callas. Nov. 18.

Quentin Crisp, 90. Eccentric British-born writer, performer and raconteur best known for his autobiography, "The Naked Civil Servant." Nov. 21.

Ashley Montagu, 94. Anthropologist known for rigorous research and witty, accessible writing in books such as "The Natural Superiority of Women." Nov. 26.


Charlie Byrd, 74. Versatile guitarist who fused Latin, classical and jazz styles. Dec. 2.

Madeline Kahn, 57. Oscar-nominated actress-comedian best known for daffy and lusty characters in "Paper Moon" and Mel Brooks farces such as "Blazing Saddles." Dec. 3.

Joseph Heller, 76. His darkly comic first novel "Catch-22" defined the paradox of the no-win dilemma and added a phrase to the American language. Dec. 12.

Rex Allen, 78. Singing cowboy of "B" Westerns. Dec. 17.

Grover Washington Jr., 56. Saxophonist who fused jazz with soul music in hits such as "Just the Two of Us." Dec. 17.

Desmond Llewelyn, 85. The eccentric gadget expert "Q" in James Bond films. Dec. 19.

Hank Snow, 85. Country music legend for his gaudy rhinestone suits and million-selling classics such as "I'm Movin' On." Dec. 20.

Curtis Mayfield, 57. Soul singer and songwriter whose work introduced a social conscience into black music at the height of the civil rights movement. Dec. 26. Complications of 1990 accident that left him paralyzed.

Clayton Moore, 85. Played the Lone Ranger on television, racing on horseback to the "William Tell Overture" and the cry of "Hi-Yo, Silver!" Dec. 28.

CAPTION: Clockwise from above: Singer Mel Torme, filmmaker Stanley Kubrick, jazz vocalist Joe Williams, soul singer Curtis Mayfield, violinist Yehudi Menuhin and comedic actress Madeline Kahn.