Aside from creating the Nobel Prizes, Alfred Nobel's claim to fame was inventing dynamite. It's less known that he was a playwright and poet, too.

His only play, "Nemesis," an obscure tragedy in four acts, will be performed for the first time at a small theater in Stockholm on Dec. 10 -- the day the Nobel Prizes are awarded. It will run for about a month

" 'Nemesis' is a remarkable play. It is challenging and private and deals with many things that one does not associate with Nobel," said Ture Rangstrom, head of the Intima theater, where it will be staged.

The Swedish industrialist wrote the play during the last year of his life. Most copies of the work were destroyed immediately after his death because some Swedish clergymen labeled it scandalous and blasphemous. Only three copies survived.

"It is a very violent story, with . . . torture and incest. It's not without reason that it was censored in its time," said actress Gunnel Fred, cast as the Virgin Mary, who appears with the Devil in a dream sequence in the play.

Nobel was born in Stockholm in 1833. He invented dynamite in 1866 and later built up companies and laboratories in more than 20 countries. On Nov. 27, 1895, Nobel signed his last will, which provided for the establishment of the Nobel Prizes. He died of a cerebral hemorrhage in his home in San Remo, Italy, on Dec. 10, 1896.

Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, also created the Nobel Prizes.