Autumn belongs to Henry Kissinger, or at least that's what Time, Inc. hopes. In October its publishing subsidiary Little, Brown releases the first volume of Kissinger's memoirs, The White House Years. A month earlier, in September, Time magazine will excerpt the book, to be followed by newspaper syndication that The New York Times is handling.

For the past couple of years - behind the guarded, locked doors of Kissinger's plush offices in a K Street office building - he has presided over a virtual memoir factory, as at least a half-dozen people labored to produce the work that will explain the recent history of the world as seen through the eyes of Henry Kissinger.

Working with Kissinger is William Hyland, a former CIA Kremlinologist, former chief of intelligence at the State Department, and former deputy director of the National Security Council who stayed aboard the NSC during Jimmy Carterhs first year and then retired after 25 years of government service.

Another special assistant to Kissinger at the State Department and the NSC is Peter Rodman, called by one familiar with Kissinger's operation his "wordsmith and notetaker."

Kissinger's personal secretary, Chris Vick, also joined him in the civilian world after working for him at the State Departmrnt.

Salaries for these employes, as well the pay for bodyguards and several other senior clerical and executive assistant personnel, are paid from funds paid Kissinger by, among others, NBC, the investment banking firm of Goldman Sachs, Chase Manhattan and Little, Brown. In addition, Time Executives including Ralph Graves and Henry Grunwald commuted between New York and Washington to polish the manuscript and excerpts into final shape.

Kissinger steadfastly refuses to discuss his income, but he's said to have received about $1 million for his memoirs.

When he works in Washington, he occupies a high-backed brown leather chair that tradition permitted him to take with him when he left the government. On the rear of the chair is a plague that reads: "Henry A. Kissinger, Secretary of State." Then the date he joined State (1973) is engraved followed by a hyphen; no one hasengraved a concluding year after the hyphen. CAPTION: Picture, no caption, The White House